133  
FXUS04 KWBC 282143  
QPFPFD  
 
QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION  
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD  
543 PM EDT SUN MAY 28 2017  
 
FINAL DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION  
VALID MAY 29/0000 UTC THRU JUN 01/0000 UTC  
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR  
 
DAY 1...  
   
..TEXAS AND LOUISIANA
 
 
AT MIDDAY THE CONVECTION IN THE SOUTHERN U.S. HAD REACHED A  
DIURNAL MINIMUM IN COVERAGE. A SQUEEZE PLAY WAS UNDERWAY BETWEEN  
FLAT RIDGING ACROSS THE GULF AND ELONGATED TROUGHING CENTERED OVER  
THE MIDWEST/GREAT LAKES. THE CONFLUENCE ZONE BETWEEN THESE  
FEATURES...MARKED BY A STRENGTHENING UPPER JET CIRCULATION...WILL  
PROVIDE THE DEEP LAYER SUPPORT FOR RENEWED THUNDERSTORM  
DEVELOPMENT THIS AFTERNOON AND LATEST RADAR NOW SHOWS EXTENSIVE  
CONVECTIVE DEVELOPMENT FROM EAST OF THE BIG BEND TO NORTHEAST TX  
WHERE WPC MESOSCALE DISCUSSION #281 HAS JUST BEEN ISSUED. WHERE  
FORCING OVERLAPS WITH INSTABILITY AS AFFORDED BY OUTFLOWS AND  
DIFFERENTIAL CLOUD COVER...WILL DETERMINE THE LOCATION OF  
ORGANIZED CONVECTION FROM EAST TEXAS EASTWARD. MODELS ARE FAIRLY  
CONSISTENT IN A LOCAL MAXIMUM OF RAINFALL OCCURRING OVER THE PINEY  
WOODS IN THE VICINITY OF LUFKIN TX...AND EXTENDING BOTH WEST AND  
EAST FROM THERE. THE SOLUTIONS ARE VARIABLE AS TO THE INTENSITY  
AND BREADTH OF THIS RAINFALL...HOWEVER...PERHAPS OWING TO  
MID-RANGE DEEP LAYER ASCENT MAGNITUDES AND POOR LAPSE RATES IN THE  
LOWER REACHES OF THE MID LEVELS.  
 
THIS PROBLEM OF WARM AIR IN THE SOUNDINGS...NEAR THE TOP OF THE  
BOUNDARY LAYER AND INTO THE LOWER PORTION OF THE MID  
LEVELS...BECOMES MORE PRONOUNCED WITH WESTWARD EXTENT. DEEP LAYER  
FORCING WILL NOT BE PARTICULARLY STRONG WITH WESTWARD EXTENT...BUT  
CONVERGENCE AHEAD OF THE SAGGING COLD FRONT...ALONG WITH SOME  
BOOST TO CONVECTIVE INITIATION FROM THE HIGHER TERRAIN OF THE  
SIERRA MADRE...MAY BE SUFFICIENT FOR SCATTERED CONVECTION TO  
FORM...WHICH WOULD THEN HAVE POTENTIAL TO PROPAGATE OUT AND FIND  
THE POCKETS OF DEEPER MOISTURE AND STRONG INSTABILITY THAT WILL  
DEVELOP OVER SOUTH TEXAS. THIS ACTIVITY MAY BE FURTHER AIDED BY A  
SLUG OF RICH MOISTURE SEEN IN SATELLITE TPW IMAGERY AND IN THE  
MODEL MIXING RATIO FIELDS...
MOVING ONSHORE THIS AFTERNOON AND  
EVENING. GIVEN THE NUMBER OF FAVORABLE FACTORS...ALONG WITH  
CONSISTENT SOLUTIONS FROM THE HI-RES MODELS...ESPECIALLY WRF-ARW  
AND NSSL WRF...WE DO ANTICIPATE THAT CONVECTION WILL BECOME  
WIDESPREAD AND CONSUME THE AVAILABLE INSTABILITY IN SPITE OF THE  
OBSTACLES IN THE LOWER PORTION OF THE SOUNDINGS...BUT ARE LESS  
CERTAIN AS TO HOW QUICKLY THIS EVOLUTION WILL TAKE PLACE.  
ALSO...IT MAY BE THAT EVENING CONVECTION SENDS OUTFLOW BOUNDARIES  
THAT THEN SPUR A RE-INVIGORATION OF ORGANIZED CONVECTION ALONG THE  
COASTAL FRONT OVERNIGHT...FROM DEEP SOUTH TEXAS EASTWARD AND  
OFFSHORE. PER SEVERAL HI-RES MODELS...THIS COULD YIELD A RELATIVE  
MINIMUM RIGHT ALONG THE CENTRAL AND UPPER TEXAS COAST...ALTHOUGH  
IN A SCENARIO THIS COMPLEX OUR CONFIDENCE IS MEDIUM AT BEST.  
 
   
..SOUTHERN U.S. FROM MISSISSIPPI TO THE CAROLINAS
 
 
SYNOPTICS WILL BE SOMEWHAT FAVORABLE FOR MODEST AREAL AVERAGE  
PRECIPITATION FROM RAIN AND THUNDERSTORMS TO THE SOUTH OF THE  
STRENGTHENING UPPER JET AXIS...AND AHEAD OF THE SLOWLY ADVANCING  
COLD FRONT. THE LIMITING FACTOR WILL BE OUTFLOWS AND CLOUD COVER  
INHIBITING BOUNDARY LAYER RECOVER THIS AFTERNOON WITH EASTWARD  
EXTENT AWAY FROM LOUISIANA. WPC MAINTAINED AN AXIS OF MODEST  
RAINFALL AMOUNTS THROUGH PARTS OF MS/AL/GA BASED PRIMARILY ON  
GLOBAL MODEL CONSENSUS AND THE LIKELIHOOD THAT THERE WILL BE SOME  
RECOVERY AND INITIATION... AND/OR SPILLOVER FROM CONVECTION  
FORMING UPSTREAM IN LOUISIANA. THERE ARE A FEW HI-RES SOLUTIONS  
THAT PRODUCE VERY LITTLE RAIN THIS FAR EAST...BUT THE HRRR HAS  
BEEN MAINTAINING AT LEAST SOME SIGNAL FOR DECENT COVERAGE OF LIGHT  
AMOUNTS.  
 
THEN LOOKING FARTHER EAST INTO NORTH CAROLINA...A PATTERN HAS BEEN  
ESTABLISHED THE LAST COUPLE OF DAYS...WITH SUFFICIENT INSTABILITY  
GENERATED EACH DAY TO SUPPORT INITIATION OFF THE HIGHER TERRAIN  
AND WITHIN THE MORE DEEPLY POOLED MOISTURE ALONG A WARM FRONT THAT  
EXTENDS UP INTO VIRGINIA. EXPECT RELATIVELY ACTIVE AFTERNOONS  
THROUGH MONDAY WITH THE SLOW APPROACH OF THE DEEP LAYER TROUGH OUT  
OF THE MIDWEST STATES. WPC QPF WAS BUILT AROUND THE WRF-ARW...OUR  
IN-HOUSE ENSEMBLE...AND CONTINUITY.  
 
   
..NORTHERN U.S. FROM THE UPPER MIDWEST TO NEW ENGLAND
 
 
AS THE CLOSED MID-UPPER LEVEL LOW DROPS INTO THE UPPER MS VALLEY  
DURING THE DAY 1 PERIOD THE COLD AIR ALOFT ALONG WITH OCCASIONAL  
SHORTWAVE PERTURBATIONS ROTATING AROUND...WILL SUPPORT CONTINUED  
SHOWERS WITH LIGHT AREAL AVERAGE AMOUNTS OVER PARTS OF ND/MN/MI.  
INCREASING DOWNSTREAM UPPER DIFFLUENCE ALONG WITH THE ARRIVAL OF  
THE THE INITIAL UPPER SHORTWAVE/VORT LOBE AND 850-700 MB WARM  
FRONTAL ARC WILL ALLOW FOR AN EXPANSION OF SHOWERS AND  
THUNDERSTORMS FROM THE EASTERN GREAT LAKES TO THE MID ATLANTIC  
THIS AFTERNOON...ESPECIALLY WHERE THE LOWER-LAYER FLOW (SW-WSW)  
CAN ENHANCE THE COVERAGE/AMOUNTS OROGRAPHICALLY. DEEP-LAYER  
INSTABILITY WILL BE MODEST AT BEST...WITH THE MUCAPES GENERALLY  
BETWEEN 1000-1500 J/KG. PER THE HIGH-RES MODELS...THERE REMAINS A  
SIGNAL FOR LOCALLY HEAVY RAINFALL...AREAL AVERAGE 0.50 TO 1.25  
INCHES BUT LOCAL VALUES OVER 2 INCHES...ACROSS NORTHEAST  
OH...WESTERN PA...AND NORTHERN WV.  
 
   
..WESTERN U.S
 
 
SHALLOW DIURNALLY ENHANCED CONVECTION WILL PRODUCE LIGHT  
PRECIPITATION GENERALLY NEAR AND JUST EAST OF THE CONTINENTAL  
DIVIDE BOTH SUNDAY AFTERNOON AND MONDAY. COVERAGE AND INTENSITY  
SHOULD INCREASE SOMEWHAT ON MONDAY AS PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES  
RATCHET UP TO VALUES SOLIDLY ABOVE 0.50 INCHES OVER NEW MEXICO  
WITHIN POST-FRONTAL UPSLOPE FLOW. STILL...GIVEN WEAK FORCING AND  
RELATIVELY WEAK INSTABILITY...THE AREAL AVERAGE PRECIPITATION  
AMOUNTS WILL REMAIN GENERALLY LIGHT...EXCEPT WHERE GREATER  
INSTABILITY WILL WORK ITS WAY UP THE RIO GRANDE INTO THE BIG BEND  
AND TRANS-PECOS REGION. MODEL QPFS ARE NOT PARTICULARLY  
ROBUST...BUT TRENDS WILL NEED TO BE MONITORED.  
 
DAYS 2 AND 3...  
   
..GREAT LAKES/UPPER OH VALLEY/MID-ATLANTIC/NORTHEAST
 
 
A CLOSED LOW OVER SOUTHWEST ONTARIO AND ADJACENT AREAS OF THE  
UPPER GREAT LAKES WILL ONLY VERY SLOWLY BEGIN TO DRIFT OFF TO THE  
EAST BY TUESDAY AND WEDNESDAY WHICH WILL MAINTAIN THE LARGER SCALE  
TROUGHING OVER THE OH VALLEY AND NORTHEAST THROUGH THE PERIOD.  
SOME WRAPAROUND MOISTURE AND ENERGY WILL MAINTAIN BEGIN THE THREAT  
OF SHOWERS ACROSS AREAS OF THE UPPER GREAT LAKES...BUT AMOUNTS  
HERE WILL GENERALLY BE FAIRLY LIGHT AND UNDER A 0.25 INCH.  
MEANWHILE...SHORTWAVE ENERGY ROTATING AROUND THE BASE OF THE UPPER  
TROUGH WILL HELP DRIVE A COLD FRONT SLOWLY ACROSS THE OH  
VALLEY...MID-ATLANTIC AND INTO THE NORTHEAST WHICH WILL BE  
INTERACTING WITH SUFFICIENT BOUNDARY LAYER MOISTURE AND  
INSTABILITY FOR A BROKEN AXIS OF SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS. UPPER  
LEVEL FORCING/JET DYNAMICS WILL BE AT A BIT MORE PRONOUNCED UP  
ACROSS INTERIOR AREAS OF NY AND NEW ENGLAND AND THIS COUPLED WITH  
SOMEWHAT STRONGER LOW LEVEL WIND FIELDS/MOISTURE TRANSPORT AND  
OROGRAPHICS WILL TEND TO FOCUS SOMEWHAT HEAVIER RAINFALL AMOUNTS  
ACROSS THESE AREAS. GENERALLY FOLLOWED A MULTI-MODEL CONSENSUS  
LEANING TOWARD A RELATIVELY WETTER VERSION OF A GFS/ECMWF  
COMPROMISE THROUGH THIS PERIOD...WITH SOME TWO-DAY TOTALS OF 1 TO  
2 INCHES POSSIBLE LOCALLY. LIGHTER AMOUNTS ARE EXPECTED DOWN  
ACROSS THE OH VALLEY AND THE MID-ATLANTIC REGION WHERE THE  
ACTIVITY SHOULD BE MORE SCATTERED.  
 
   
..LOWER MS/TN VALLEYS/GULF COAST STATES/SOUTHEAST
 
 
A QUASI-STATIONARY FRONTAL BOUNDARY WILL BE THE FOCUS OF AT LEAST  
A BROKEN AXIS IF NOT NUMEROUS CLUSTERS OF SHOWERS AND  
THUNDERSTORMS EXTENDING FROM THE LOWER MS VALLEY EAST-NORTHEAST  
ACROSS THE TN VALLEY AND THROUGH THE INTERIOR AREAS OF THE GULF  
COAST STATES AN THE SOUTHEAST COASTAL PLAIN. PLACEMENT OF A 90 TO  
110 KT UPPER LEVEL JET ACROSS THE AREA...ESPECIALLY NEAR THE TN  
VALLEY WILL TEND TO FOSTER SOME LARGER SCALE ASCENT OVER THE  
REGION...HOWEVER THE PRESENCE OF WEAK SOUTHERN STREAM ENERGY/MCV  
ACTIVITY EMBEDDED WITHIN DEEPER LAYER WEST-SOUTHWEST FLOW OVER THE  
GULF COAST STATES AND INTERIOR SOUTHEAST WILL INTERACT WITH THE  
FRONT FOR SOME RELATIVELY ORGANIZED CONVECTIVE ACTIVITY. THIS WILL  
ESPECIALLY BE THE CASE WITH THE AID OF DIURNAL HEATING/INSTABILITY  
AND A POOL OF RATHER DEEP TROPICAL MOISTURE WITH PWATS LOCALLY  
BETWEEN 1.5 AND 2 INCHES. LOCALLY 1 TO 2+ INCHES OF RAIN CAN BE  
EXPECTED...ESPECIALLY ON TUESDAY. ON WED...THE AFOREMENTIONED  
FRONT WILL TEND TO SHIFT A BIT FARTHER SOUTH WITH DRIER AIR  
FILTERING SOUTH AS WELL WHICH WILL TEND TO MITIGATE THE CONVECTIVE  
COVERAGE A BIT. WPC QPF LEANED TOWARD A MULTI-MODEL CONSENSUS.  
 
   
..RIO GRANDE VALLEY TO SOUTHEAST TEXAS
 
 
MULTIPLE UPPER-LEVEL SHORTWAVE IMPULSES EMBEDDED WITHIN FLOW AHEAD  
OF A LARGER SCALE SOUTHERN STREAM TROUGH WILL MAKE THEIR WAY  
ACROSS THE REGION. AS THEY DO SO...THOSE IMPULSES WILL BE EMBEDDED  
WITHIN AN INCREASINGLY DIVERGENT UPPER FLOW PATTERN AND WILL  
INTERACT WITH PWATS RANGING FROM 1.5 TO 2 INCHES AND PLENTY OF  
INSTABILITY WHICH WILL BE POOLING ALONG A QUASI-STATIONARY FRONTAL  
ZONE. MODEL DETERMINISTIC QPF REMAINS VARIABLE BETWEEN  
MODELS...BUT THERE TENDS TO BE A SIGNAL FOR HEAVY RAINFALL  
IMPACTING ESPECIALLY AREAS OF DEEP SOUTH TX AND UP ALONG PARTS OF  
THE SOUTHEAST TX COASTAL PLAIN. AS SUCH...A SLIGHT RISK OF  
EXCESSIVE RAINFALL HAS BEEN INTRODUCED ACROSS MUCH OF SOUTH TX.  
THIS IS WITHIN A BROADER MARGINAL RISK AREA THAT INCLUDES NOW ALL  
OF THE RIO GRANDE VALLEY AND ALSO AREAS NORTHEAST UP ACROSS THE  
REMAINDER OF THE SOUTHEAST TX COASTAL PLAIN. GIVEN THE POTENTIAL  
FOR SOME WELL-ORGANIZED CONVECTIVE ACTIVITY...LOCALLY SEVERAL  
INCHES OF RAIN CANNOT BE RULED OUT...ALTHOUGH CONFIDENCE REMAINS  
QUITE LIMITED ON EXACT PLACEMENT OF THIS ACTIVITY. WILL NEED TO  
MONITOR THIS CLOSELY OVER THE NEXT DAY OR SO.  
 
   
..ROCKIES
 
 
DIURNAL HEATING WITH WEAK UPSLOPE FLOW AND WEAK UPPER-LEVEL  
IMPULSES WILL AGAIN TRIGGER SCATTERED AREAS OF CONVECTION OVER THE  
ROCKIES DURING THE LATE AFTERNOON INTO LATE EVENING HOURS THROUGH  
THE PERIOD. THE HEAVIER RAINFALL AMOUNTS ARE LIKELY TO BE OVER  
SOUTHERN CO AND NM WHERE SOMEWHAT GREATER MOISTURE  
TRANSPORT...HIGHER PWATS AND INSTABILITY WILL BE IN PLACE. SOME  
LOCALLY HEAVY RAINFALL AMOUNTS WILL BE POSSIBLE...ESPECIALLY OVER  
NM.  
 
   
..PACIFIC NORTHWEST
 
 
AN APPROACHING SHORTWAVE WILL AID TRIGGER SHOWER ACTIVITY OVER  
PARTS OF THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST INTO PARTS OF NORTHERN CALIFORNIA  
BOTH TUESDAY AND WEDNESDAY. QPF AMOUNTS WILL BE GENERALLY 0.25  
INCHES OR LESS FOR MOST AREAS...ALTHOUGH THERE IS A BIT OF A  
HEAVIER SIGNAL UP ACROSS THE NORTHERN WA CASCADES WHERE UPPER  
LEVEL JET DYNAMICS AND OROGRAPHIC FORCING WILL BE A BIT STRONGER.  
 
BURKE/ORRISON  
 
GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT  
WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/QPF/QPF2.SHTML  
 
24HR QP VT 30/00Z  
0.01 530178 530171 529166 525159 519153 513148 507142 500138  
497135 492134 486130 483127 478126 474125 473128 474139  
476137 480138 485140 487144 491152 490158 491165 489173  
493174 496179 496184 497187 505190 509183 518180 524180  
528180 530178  
0.01 525941 525932 525926 523920 522911 519899 516887 514881  
511876 504870 496863 487861 484863 480861 477857 476853  
474839 473836 474833 476829 478820 479813 482810 486804  
489795 490790 488783 490771 488757 485745 481731 475720  
474718 474715 477712 479706 481701 483690 484684 482681  
481675 478671 476667 472665 470666 468670 463672 461676  
459684 459690 455690 451686 447684 444683 438684 433684  
429682 427678 423676 419675 413676 406679 402682 397692  
394703 391711 389722 388732 380737 375738 372737 366731  
364726 361723 356721 351723 349727 344736 339755 339762  
339771 337782 334793 333799 334805 336810 335815 331823  
324842 323846 321849 319847 319841 319837 318834 317829  
313829 308832 307837 306842 306849 306856 306861 301869  
296878 292887 282908 276924 271932 263936 255939 253941  
251945 247962 242969 239981 237991 236995 237999 242008  
247012 251014 256022 259033 260037 260040 258040 253046  
250050 250054 255061 262064 266065 269064 275060 283056  
289063 293065 296062 298059 300063 301067 301074 306083  
312091 316095 321096 328097 331097 332099 337107 343112  
347112 351110 352106 351101 350096 350090 351084 354084  
358080 362072 366061 370059 376058 382060 383065 385068  
389068 427068 433069 433066 431061 428057 423049 417047  
410042 402041 383040 378037 375034 369026 365025 361026  
357033 353039 349043 342049 337047 331046 325051 328052  
327055 327057 335061 337062 336065 333068 325071 321072  
319071 315068 313065 311056 311051 308047 305043 301040  
296032 297026 301024 306017 314994 322973 326965 330956  
338939 342932 347925 354912 362896  
0.01 362896 372882 375878 379875 384868 389861 390858 390854  
385852 380856 369868 366871 362874 359877 353878 351874  
352870 356863 361848 368844 373843 376841 380837 382833  
384829 389828 398842 400846 399850 397858 393865 389874  
383894 380902 378910 375918 375923 377920 384915 388910  
399895 408882 416870 426855 432850 435847 438847 443847  
453846 457847 459850 460856 457859 452864 447872 445881  
442892 441897 442903 446909 451909 454911 456915 458919  
462925 465927 466935 465948 465956 467961 464966 458966  
455969 455974 455979 458983 460984 463982 466976 469972  
472970 475968 480967 491968 490973 490977 488978 486977  
484980 484985 486989 490995 492998 495999 503001 508001  
509997 507991 505988 502984 501980 501976 506970 511963  
520955 524947 525941  
0.01 454179 454176 453174 453171 451170 451171 451173 451175  
451176 452176 454179 454179  
0.01 456160 457152 454147 450138 448132 448122 449114 448109  
449105 452106 459107 461104 460099 458094 454090 449089  
444089 440088 438086 434086 425083 422087 424093 427098  
427103 424106 422112 428113 429108 431103 434104 434108  
434111 437110 438108 440110 444115 444122 443130 440134  
437139 440151 447158 451161 454162 456160  
0.01 456081 457074 456069 455064 452060 449062 445064 442067  
438069 438074 441075 446076 449078 454081 456081  
0.01 436221 436220 434220 432221 431221 430221 429223 428223  
429224 430224 432225 432224 434223 436221 436221  
0.01 442019 443009 441002 443999 443995 441988 438983 433983  
431983 431987 432995 434000 435005 434006 430009 430011  
434014 439017 442019  
0.01 420235 420233 418231 417231 415230 413231 412233 413234  
414236 414237 416238 418237 420236 420235  
0.01 409110 409108 409105 409103 408100 408098 407100 407103  
407105 407107 409110 409110  
0.01 387201 386198 384196 384195 383194 381194 379194 378192  
376191 374190 374191 375193 376194 377194 379195 380197  
382198 384199 385200 385201 387201 387201  
0.01 268814 268810 266808 265806 264802 261802 259804 256805  
254806 252808 252812 253815 257815 260815 263815 266816  
268814  
0.25 515929 515918 513910 509903 508895 505888 500883 495880  
489878 486878 481879 477882 474890 470895 472905 475912  
478919 479924 481925 491934 497937 502938 510937 514933  
515929  
0.25 476765 476756 476749 474740 472734 462721 449706 446704  
440704 432704 425700 418694 415690 412689 407696 403704  
400715 395733 393739 390743 383749 381753 381760 385762  
388763 394762 397759 400760 401763 401769 399774 397777  
392783 391795 391803 396805 398808 400813 402812 404808  
408808 411810 414815 415821 414827 415832 417836 421838  
425836 429833 431831 435833 439834 446828 453825 462820  
464815 465808 471788 471781 472777 473774 476765  
0.25 366755 365751 362747 359743 357739 354736 351740 351744  
353748 355752 357757 361759 365757 366755  
0.25 363778 361767 358764 355763 348758 346761 345765 344774  
341781 341786 344785 347782 349782 351786 351791 349801  
350822 347830 342834 337839 333846 326861 324866 321869  
318877 316886 314894 311900 306907 299911 296908 295903  
294899 291901 287910 282924 279931 274937 262946 256953  
252961 246975 244982 241990 241995 244999 250002 254004  
257007 260011 261016 261021 263023 266027 267031 270037  
270046 272049 275050 279049 284050 287051 290050 290043  
290038 288035 286032 286027 285023 287018 291012 296007  
300000 304991 311973 325947 332930 335920 334913 335906  
337898 338890 339885 339880 339875 341871 348857 354849  
357841 360833 362825 360821 360816 361807 362791 363778  
0.25 366043 364041 362043 360045 357047 355049 354051 355053  
356053 359052 361051 363048 365045 366043  
0.25 342094 342091 341088 339085 337083 336080 334078 332077  
331078 330081 332083 334084 335088 335091 337093 340095  
342094  
0.25 310873 309871 308870 308871 307873 307874 306875 307876  
308877 309878 309877 310875 310874 310873  
0.50 511924 510916 508911 503904 500896 500891 498888 494884  
491883 486884 485889 486897 484902 483907 484913 486918  
488922 491925 495927 499928 504928 509926 511924  
0.50 471753 471745 469739 466734 462730 459728 455729 452731  
448729 445725 446720 446716 444713 439713 432718 429716  
427713 420707 417702 414697 409700 407703 404713 403725  
401730 400737 407741 408752 409757 410765 410771 408778  
404785 400788 398791 399797 402800 404802 407802 409798  
422807 425808 425811 422815 421821 420828 420831 421833  
425830 428822 431802 432797 436796 443800 453819 456817  
459813 459808 457803 465772 470761 471753  
0.50 434780 434775 432774 429774 426773 423773 420775 420778  
420783 419787 421792 423792 426792 428791 431788 432785  
433783 434780  
0.50 425722 425720 424718 423718 422718 420718 419720 418721  
418724 419725 421725 423724 424723 425722  
0.50 394750 394748 392749 390749 389751 388751 387753 386753  
387754 389754 391754 392752 394751 394750  
0.50 360801 359799 359796 359794 357793 356795 355796 355797  
356799 356801 356803 355806 355808 355810 357812 357813  
357812 359811 359810 359807 360805 360803 360801 360801  
0.50 350848 343839 339843 335848 331859 329870 326874 325876  
325880 327882 327887 325894 322899 319902 314911 303915  
297916 292916 286924 281933 276941 270944 265947 259954  
254963 249973 247980 245986 244993 248997 256002 263009  
264017 267022 272030 276028 279024 278016 285005 289003  
293000 297990 304982 310970 314960 318952 329929 331924  
331916 329911 330905 333894 334877 334872 336868 341860  
345853 350848  
0.50 286045 287043 286041 286040 285039 284038 282038 280038  
279040 278041 277042 277044 278045 280046 282046 284047  
285047 286045  
1.00 466747 465745 462743 460742 456742 453745 451746 450748  
448751 449753 451755 454757 456759 458759 460758 463755  
464752 465750 466747  
1.00 440750 439748 439744 440740 438738 436739 434742 433744  
432747 431752 433754 437754 439753 440750  
1.00 326922 325918 322917 315920 306922 302921 299923 296926  
293927 290926 289932 292934 293937 292945 291957 286964  
278974 276983 273981 274977 277970 279962 281953 280947  
278946 272949 266953 261957 256964 250978 250985 253993  
264002 270006 275006 278003 284000 289995 291992 291986  
294978 298971 301971 307965 311957 317943 323932 326922  
1.50 460751 460748 458747 457748 455749 455750 456752 457752  
459752 460751  
1.50 318935 317928 312926 306928 301930 299933 300937 301945  
300954 302960 307960 310954 312949 314943 317937 318935  
1.50 288989 288980 289977 286976 282981 279989 276990 271989  
268982 273970 278956 276953 274955 266957 261962 257968  
254974 252982 260994 265999 273000 281998 286994 288989  
2.00 314932 314930 312930 308931 306933 305935 304939 305942  
305945 307949 308947 310943 310942 310941 312937 313935  
314932  
2.00 272968 272962 270959 266961 264964 261968 259970 257974  
255978 256982 259982 263979 266976 268974 271970 272968  
2.00 271995 270993 270992 268990 266990 264992 265994 266995  
268996 269996 271995  
 
24HR QP VT 31/00Z  
0.01 555927 555919 555908 552903 546902 543899 542889 540874  
539869 540866 541861 541854 540843 538837 535831 533829  
530829 525833 521839 517834 516832 515827 511812 517809  
521805 525794 526791 526785 525772 520757 516742 509726  
504715 500700 497694 496688 491685 487681 485673 480670  
477671 471668 465669 460668 457670 456673 457678 456684  
449677 441668 434663 430660 424658 419656 416656 412658  
408662 407668 409677 412682 420697 422702 426706 431709  
433711 433716 424722 421726 418731 412741 409747 404751  
401757 399763 395769 393778 391783 389788 387791 385793  
381798 377802 375808 372817 368822 367826 365825 362823  
363818 362814 366809 365805 367800 370793 372786 375774  
377768 380763 386756 388744 383739 378736 371729 367725  
363729 361720 358718 354719 350722 351729 350736 348743  
345747 341750 338755 337760 334766 331771 328784 323795  
320802 313807 310810 309816 305820 306826 308825 312826  
313830 314845 311851 308852 305848 305846 301844 300848  
300856 301863 301873 300880 298886 296891 292896 289901  
286912 283917 279920 272931 265940 262946 258950 248956  
232963 230012 238006 242006 245009 248014 250016 254016  
259016 263020 267022 269024 269028 270034 267036 258031  
253027 246026 242027 241030 242036 246039 254047 258050  
260053 261057 264067 268068 275070 280072 285077 286079  
289080 296082 303089 310094 315091 317082 320081 322082  
326087 328091 331095 335093 338088 341088 343090 346094  
350095 351094 355087 359085 361079 364075 371076 374081  
377085 382083 383079 386078 389079 390082 393080 396077  
401076 403073 407074 410074 413074 415073 415070 417066  
417059 420058 423059 425059 427058 425055 422051 417047  
411045 406041 401031 398026 397020 394005 391992 389986  
389983 391982 394979 395972  
0.01 395972 395964 398957 400942 401933 403929 405925 407917  
407913 405910 405906 406903 402900 401899 398898 394902  
393911 391920 388922 384922 377918 375916 376912 377904  
378902 378898 381893 394865 403857 406855 410849 414843  
419838 426827 430822 438821 441825 443827 445829 443831  
440830 437830 435832 430833 430840 427848 425850 425855  
426857 428855 431855 434857 436859 437868 444868 451865  
454865 456869 454874 452877 453880 456884 458889 453894  
450901 448908 448914 447917 445918 443923 442926 441931  
440933 440937 443942 455942 460947 464952 467957 473959  
479960 486962 489967 496967 505957 510955 512953 516953  
525948 536943 542945 548941 552936 555927  
0.01 516264 517258 517252 516248 513244 512239 511233 508229  
505223 504219 501216 496209 491208 488205 479208 467213  
458213 454209 452208 445212 441211 437212 434215 429215  
425216 421219 420225 418228 414227 413223 409225 406229  
400233 402237 406239 410240 413243 422245 432249 446246  
454244 464245 472246 481248 486250 490254 496262 500269  
502272 505275 506270 505264 503259 500254 495248 491240  
494237 499242 503249 508259 512263 516264  
0.01 526177 527170 526166 523157 521154 517152 512150 509148  
507145 503144 499141 496138 491133 488131 483129 476131  
474133 475136 478136 481138 482140 484141 486143 486146  
487150 488154 487162 486166 484170 485172 488175 492174  
493180 492186 496187 499186 502186 506185 511178 517174  
520175 523179 524179 526177  
0.01 469138 467133 468127 468124 466121 462121 459122 457119  
457113 461104 460101 457101 455095 452093 447092 443088  
437087 435088 431088 428084 425081 421085 420088 422091  
425096 421107 421109 424110 426109 428111 443123 443127  
442130 439134 438136 437141 440144 444149 445151 448151  
451156 453159 456160 458156 457152 455144 452139 454138  
457139 461142 463144 465142 468138 469138  
0.01 462181 462178 463173 465171 464166 464164 461163 460165  
462168 460173 459175 459178 459177 457177 457180 461181  
462181  
0.01 462817 459810 458803 458796 456794 453795 450800 446805  
444807 445812 447812 449816 449821 446829 450831 453830  
457830 459827 461820 462817  
0.01 417116 414113 411110 411108 411101 410096 406093 406098  
405107 400108 394112 398113 403112 406112 408115 410117  
413118 417116  
0.01 392204 391201 388197 385194 381191 378188 373187 370185  
368184 367187 369190 374192 377196 380199 383202 389202  
392204 392204  
0.01 405813 402811 399813 398816 396817 390825 385829 384834  
379839 377843 377846 373849 369853 367858 364863 359865  
357870 352885 348887 345882 343887 342893 339900 339909  
339917 338921 338926 323971 323978 323983 324986 323997  
326003 326010 326014 328017 331023 338030 342029 345024  
353016 357012 359010 360005 363003 366002 367998 367991  
368985 368975 368969 366962 365957 363955 360955 358953  
356947 346943 346936 348930 351925 353918 356914 361914  
367915 369913 370911 373904 374898 376891 377887 377882  
383859 388847 389844 389838 391833 395828 399823 403818  
405813  
0.01 348879 348877 348875 348873 348871 346869 345871 345873  
345875 345877 345879 347881 348879  
0.25 534915 531911 527914 522919 520921 519918 517910 515905  
503900 500893 500883 495868 493850 489836 486837 483842  
479843 475843 469841 464844 463851 463855 466857 472855  
476857 477864 478877 481883 487894 494908 500918 503924  
507929 512933 517934 524934 528931 533923 534915  
0.25 500739 499729 496723 488709 483696 478693 471692 466695  
463702 460710 457717 454722 447723 441723 435727 427737  
424743 419749 412759 409765 408770 409774 413778 419775  
425770 429764 433764 437760 443755 449751 451753 453755  
457761 462763 470762 476760 480759 486758 493759 496756  
498752 500739  
0.25 447224 446222 445221 445220 443220 442219 440219 439219  
438219 436220 436221 438222 439222 441222 443223 444224  
446224 447224  
0.25 453103 454100 453099 451098 450098 448098 446098 445098  
443098 442098 442101 442102 444104 446105 447105 449105  
451105 453104 453103  
0.25 408054 407053 406053 405053 406055 407055 408054  
0.25 384054 384051 382049 378048 375048 371046 365046 361048  
358050 356053 357057 363057 366055 370054 376053 381055  
384054  
0.25 382977 383968 381961 379955 377949 374943 371938 369938  
368942 368947 370955 372961 375967 377972 380977 382977  
0.25 371752 370746 369742 365739 360740 351754 347761 342770  
339790 334796 332799 330805 334813 339821 341821 341818  
342807 345805 348805 352803 356799 360793 364785 366774  
368764 371752  
0.25 364034 365027 363024 357024 354027 352031 350035 350042  
349046 351046 353042 355038 359034 364035 364034  
0.25 355069 355066 351066 350066 346066 344065 341065 339067  
340071 342072 344072 347071 349070 353069 355069  
0.25 231000 235000 240001 247004 254007 263009 274021 277025  
281027 285029 288033 290037 289040 282044 276044 268041  
254032 249032 251036 258043 270051 278053 279057 282060  
285063 290064 300067 304069 310069 320072 322071 322067  
319064 313062 308057 308053 310051 316051 320053 323058  
325060 331061 334060 338057 338054 336052 331047 324042  
315041 307039 302039 300034 302031 303026 303022 302017  
294010 292007 292001 288994 288990 290989 293985 294982  
303964 314952 318945 321937 324928 326918 328909 333901  
336890 337885 338880 337871 339862 341856 341850 340844  
337834 329833 325836 323840 321851 317857 313864 310871  
306879 303888 300897 297908 293916 283928 278933 274940  
270948 264954 257959 249964 246967 242969 232971  
0.50 476704 474703 471703 469705 466708 464718 461725 457730  
455735 456737 461736 463738 468737 471731 472721 474713  
476704  
0.50 440748 437742 433739 428742 425746 421751 418756 417759  
418764 422763 427760 433756 437753 440748  
0.50 366753 365748 360749 354755 350764 346772 344774 343781  
346787 349790 353792 359785 362776 365766 365755 366753  
0.50 333885 333877 332870 331854 326856 323859 317870 307889  
301912 295920 286929 281937 279943 280947 283949 290950  
291953 291957 296958 303951 312943 314940 316935 319922  
321909 324904 328900 333885  
0.50 315067 312064 308061 305058 302055 300052 294051 289051  
286053 288058 292060 297061 301063 305064 310066 313067  
315067  
0.50 291018 290016 289014 287013 285012 284011 282010 280010  
278011 278012 277013 277015 278017 279018 280018 281019  
283019 285019 287019 289019 290019 291018  
0.50 231995 246000 253002 260000 264000 267002 273007 277008  
280006 282003 282997 281994 282989 286983 290974 291966  
291961 289960 283966 279970 276972 272972 267966 265964  
259963 252966 246971 239973 232977 231977  
0.50 264041 262039 260038 258037 257036 255035 255034 253034  
253036 255038 255039 256040 258041 260042 262043 264043  
264041  
1.00 431747 429747 429748 431748 431747  
1.00 322887 318886 316890 312899 309907 307918 303925 299927  
299933 301935 303937 307936 309933 310926 312918 314907  
318898 321890 322887  
1.00 231991 237994 244996 248997 252996 257990 261988 262983  
261978 260975 257974 253978 248984 242982 237982 231983  
1.50 259986 260984 259982 259980 258980 257979 256980 255981  
255982 253984 251986 250988 250990 251990 253990 255988  
256988 257987 259986 259986  
1.50 249992 249991 248990 246991 245992 246992 248993 249992  
249992  
 
24HR QP VT 01/00Z  
0.01 551887 551869 548859 543847 540833 537826 534821 531819  
529814 525808 527801 527783 526773 525769 520763 516761  
510762 508762 506769 504782 501797 498802 494805 489808  
486805 486801 492781 493764 495752 499747 501743 504730  
505722 504715 503708 500700 498694 496687 495680 493675  
494661 492658 487657 480650 472642 468638 463639 459638  
453640 449640 447644 439644 429650 420656 413663 409674  
407679 405684 408689 408693 406695 401703 396705 391706  
385707 381706 368709 355712 350719 344728 337738 328753  
322763 316769 308775 304779 299781 289786 280793 274800  
269802 268805 267810 266812 263813 258813 259815 264819  
268820 275827 281828 287828 292830 294833 295836 295843  
298848 303853 310856 313850 316849 319854 318859 318873  
318876 316879 312884 308888 304890 296895 293897 292902  
289912 286918 285923 281933 280938 276941 266946 261948  
254949 249951 243951 235953 231955 230007 243010 248012  
249014 244018 243029 245037 245041 248043 258044 265047  
267048 268052 272057 277062 281066 288070 291072 297073  
303077 327090 334097 337098 342098 346093 348091 353091  
361092 359089 358086 358084 360085 366086 370078 373085  
380088 384091 388091 391083 393081 397081 406071 409073  
413072 414068 412066 411061 413059 415060 419060 423058  
418057 415055 417052 420046 423041 426040 429039 433038  
435040 439041 443041 445036 444033 444026 444022 441020  
436018 434016 431018 427018 423020 421022 416022 411026  
409028 407034 405037 401039 397034 391031 385033 381035  
377034 373029 369023 366020 362022 357021 356018 353010  
353002 349995 347987 345983 343980 340973 341963 339956  
333922 335910 335902 338895 341891 343892 344895 348910  
0.01 348910 346921 352928 353935 353940 352944 348949 348959  
350963 354963 358964 359966 361972 361988 362993 364996  
368998 373992 376991 379992 388997 392996 396996 400996  
402995 404987 402979 401975 400968 396963 391958 389954  
391945 395941 398922 400915 403906 406901 409896 412889  
413881 413869 412858 408845 410838 412831 413824 415821  
414815 414811 416808 420802 424795 427792 430793 436795  
434800 435811 435814 439813 446814 449815 450820 452843  
451848 452855 456860 461865 463868 464875 462879 462884  
460893 460897 461900 462905 463908 467907 471905 475905  
479911 484917 488921 490922 493921 500918 506919 512920  
520919 525915 530911 537910 542906 547901 550894 551887  
0.01 524260 523257 522251 519246 517237 513234 512230 510220  
507212 502205 502200 507201 511204 513207 516213 519220  
526221 529222 532219 533214 533211 532206 529202 527196  
527191 526183 529177 530173 530168 525162 512153 510149  
507147 501150 497147 495144 492139 489136 485134 481134  
477136 475134 474136 473142 478144 490155 492158 492163  
490165 488164 482158 477157 475158 474156 471153 468145  
465143 461144 452145 446142 442142 442145 442149 443154  
448160 447173 443178 439187 438190 436193 433194 429195  
426194 420191 416190 413191 406193 401194 397193 390194  
385192 381189 372186 369185 367187 371192 374193 376197  
379205 382207 387208 391214 405222 410228 414227 417225  
420224 430226 443232 451230 455229 458231 458234 458240  
461241 468243 471246 473249 476253 477258 475260 476265  
477269 480273 489277 493278 498281 507288 510289 513286  
514282 516281  
0.01 481196 480189 479182 475177 473176 474171 476167 475161  
474157 472160 466160 461163 459165 459170 457177 453182  
450187 444187 441190 438192 440194 443193 446194 448193  
454193 458196 464194 469195 471197 474198 479197 481196  
0.01 466134 466132 464129 461128 459126 456125 454127 454130  
454132 455137 457138 460138 462136 464136 466134  
0.01 459111 456107 457101 454096 452094 449095 442089 440088  
438092 436094 433092 430089 425085 423088 425091 429096  
431101 427105 426107 428108 430106 436113 441112 445111  
447109 452113 455113 457111 459111  
0.01 410110 411108 411105 411103 411102 411101 410098 408098  
406098 406100 407103 407105 405107 405109 407112 409110  
410110 410110  
0.01 406824 404822 402823 401825 403827 404826 406824  
0.01 399777 398773 396773 391776 388777 386779 381784 378787  
373788 369794 367800 363801 359801 356803 353807 351809  
348809 341803 338806 339810 339815 338821 335832 336845  
340850 343848 343845 346833 348829 353826 355830 356837  
366832 368828 370822 372808 377806 381802 384797 387792  
391790 395786 399777  
0.01 398113 396110 390114 385114 382113 380110 375109 374116  
376118 379117 382119 382124 384124 388121 392119 396115  
398113  
0.01 403827 400825 398827 396830 393833 391838 388845 386848  
383850 380848 379845 380834 377835 375838 372849 371852  
371858 371863 368867 366876 365881 366884 368884 370882  
374884 378893 379896 381897 384888 387881 389870 392851  
399834 403827  
0.01 374769 372766 369768 367769 364770 362772 361776 360778  
358781 360785 361782 363780 366779 370777 372776 373772  
374769  
0.01 358936 359934 359932 359930 359927 357925 355927 355930  
355932 355934 355936 357938 358936  
0.01 277034 277032 273032 272030 268029 263025 259023 258021  
256022 252026 250030 251036 255039 262039 265039 267042  
269042 271038 275034 277034  
0.25 519263 518258 516254 513248 512244 504223 503218 500213  
496208 493206 492201 490199 487199 485204 481206 474210  
470213 469216 471217 481220 485224 491226 493236 495242  
498247 499252 499255 498257 495261 497266 500276 506282  
507277 505271 505264 510267 513268 516267 519263  
0.25 511186 511185 509183 508182 506182 505182 504183 503184  
502185 502186 504187 505187 507187 509187 510188 511186  
0.25 493718 491708 489703 486702 480696 482683 482678 480673  
477664 475660 471658 465655 460650 456649 452651 437660  
432665 429674 426684 425693 427696 431695 439692 443690  
446693 447699 446705 440709 437713 436717 423730 424737  
425742 423745 420744 416746 408751 407754 408756 412757  
416755 420754 424753 430759 452735 456734 459736 462737  
466736 481739 485739 488738 491731 493724 493718  
0.25 231997 236001 242002 249002 254005 260010 268013 271014  
272017 277024 283026 287030 288033 286036 281040 277045  
276051 276056 283061 290065 316075 320075 323078 325081  
328082 335081 341078 347075 351069 362061 366055 372052  
376052 379054 383051 371044 359037 346046 331044 326043  
323038 327033 330035 334034 334018 333014 331011 320010  
315006 312001 303991 294979 291971 292968 294966 296970  
299971 304969 311967 317962 320957 322948 321937 318928  
317920 314914 310909 307907 304907 299912 295918 291937  
290947 289953 287960 285964 281966 273965 264965 256969  
252974 247977 241979 235981 231985  
0.25 386979 387971 384965 382961 381954 382946 380939 379933  
377927 375922 371923 369936 365947 364952 368955 371959  
373965 378974 380978 382980 385980 386979  
0.25 317815 316810 315806 313805 302806 296805 292803 287801  
282802 278805 277811 278818 283820 287821 292823 298830  
301836 305840 307839 311835 315826 317821 317815  
0.50 513263 514260 513255 511249 510244 508238 502228 502222  
501219 499216 497213 494210 484209 482211 482214 485220  
488222 492226 496238 502246 506258 510261 513263  
0.50 476717 475715 472713 470712 467712 463714 462716 459718  
458722 457724 459726 461727 465727 468724 470723 473722  
475720 476717  
0.50 465672 465666 463663 459657 456655 452656 447660 441665  
439669 438673 437677 434680 434684 438684 445680 451675  
455673 460674 462675 465672  
0.50 450726 449725 447726 446727 445727 446728 448728 449727  
450726  
0.50 441728 439726 437726 435727 434728 432730 431733 433734  
434733 435732 436731 437730 439729 441728 441728  
0.50 327055 328051 326048 324047 322046 319044 318041 317038  
313038 311039 311042 313045 314047 316049 319050 322051  
323053 325055 327055  
0.50 314820 313813 311811 308810 302809 295810 297813 300815  
301817 298821 301827 304833 309830 313825 314820  
0.50 307064 297046 302037 299031 299025 302023 305018 307013  
307009 305004 301000 293995 289993 284991 279989 273988  
269988 265991 261996 262000 264005 268007 274010 276014  
278018 282021 289022 294024 295037 292042 287044 283046  
280050 280054 285057 304065 307064  
0.50 311947 311945 310944 310945 310947 310948 311947  
0.50 308952 308949 307950 305948 303946 301949 300952 298954  
296955 295958 297958 299957 303956 305956 308954 308952  
0.50 309941 308939 306937 307935 308935 308934 308930 306927  
305926 301926 300928 300933 301936 303938 304941 307943  
309941  
0.50 289810 288808 287807 285808 285810 286811 288811 289810  
1.00 510254 508246 506239 500233 498224 493218 490217 494224  
496234 499240 502242 505246 507254 510254  
1.00 311822 311820 310819 309818 308818 307818 305821 306823  
307824 307825 309825 310824 311822 311822  
1.00 297012 297006 294004 290002 286000 282998 279997 275999  
275002 277005 280009 282013 285015 290014 294013 297012  
 

 
 
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