191  
FGUS73 KGID 152114  
ESFGID  
NEC129-NEC175-NEC077-NEC125-NEC163-NEC093-NEC019-NEC079-NEC019-  
KSC147-KSC163-051800-  
 
PROBABILISTIC HYDROLOGIC OUTLOOK  
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE HASTINGS NE  
310 PM CST THU FEB 15 2018  
   
..SPRING FLOOD AND WATER RESOURCES OUTLOOK NUMBER 1
 
 
THIS OUTLOOK IS FOR THE HASTINGS HYDROLOGIC SERVICE AREA (HSA). IN  
SOUTH CENTRAL NEBRASKA THIS OUTLOOK INCLUDES THE  
PLATTE...LOUP...LITTLE BLUE...AND REPUBLICAN RIVERS AND THEIR  
TRIBUTARIES. IN NORTH CENTRAL KANSAS...THE SOLOMON RIVER AND ITS  
TRIBUTARIES ARE INCLUDED.  
 
...THE POTENTIAL FOR ICE JAM FLOODING IN THE LOUP AND PLATTE RIVER  
BASINS IS ABOVE NORMAL THIS SPRING, WHILE THE OVERALL THREAT FOR  
SPRING FLOODING AFTER THE ICE IS OUT (AND ACROSS THE OTHER RIVER  
BASINS OF SOUTH CENTRAL NEBRASKA AND NORTH CENTRAL KANSAS) WILL BE  
NEAR NORMAL...  
   
..SHORT TERM HYDROLOGIC OUTLOOK...FEBRUARY 15TH - MARCH 1ST
 
 
TEMPERATURE AND PRECIPITATION OUTLOOK: TEMPERATURES WILL BE ON A BIT  
OF A ROLLER COASTER RIDE AS WE END FEBRUARY WITH CERTAINLY SOME  
MILDER DAYS, BUT WE ALSO EXPECT A FEW STRONG COLD FRONTS THAT AT  
TIMES WILL TAKE US BACK DOWN TO WELL-BELOW FREEZING. WHEN WE AVERAGE  
THE TEMPERATURES OUT, THE LATTER HALF OF FEBRUARY WILL PROBABLY  
AVERAGE NEAR-NORMAL. PRECIPITATION-WISE, THE WEATHER PATTERN THROUGH  
THE SECOND HALF OF FEBRUARY APPEARS TO BE SOMEWHAT ACTIVE WITH A  
GENERAL TROUGH PATTERN ACROSS THE WESTERN UNITED STATES THAT  
SUPPORTS A GREATER LIKELIHOOD OF NEAR TO ABOVE NORMAL PRECIPITATION  
FOR THE PLAINS STATES. THE COMBINATION OF NEAR NORMAL TEMPERATURES  
AND NEAR TO ABOVE NORMAL PRECIPITATION THIS TIME OF YEAR WOULD FAVOR  
SNOW OVER RAIN AS THE MORE LIKELY PRECIPITATION TYPE.  
 
ICE JAM POTENTIAL ON THE PLATTE AND LOUP BASINS: WE'VE BEEN COLDER  
THAN IN RECENT WINTERS (AND COLDER THAN NORMAL), AND THUS OUR RIVER  
ICE IS CURRENTLY THICKER THAN NORMAL AND THICKER THAN IN RECENT  
YEARS. ACCUMULATED FREEZING DEGREE DAYS IS ONE INDICATOR THAT CAN BE  
USED TO GAUGE POTENTIAL ICE THICKNESS. SO FAR THIS WINTER IN GRAND  
ISLAND WE ARE AT AROUND 800 FREEZING DEGREE DAYS. THE NORMAL VALUE  
OF FREEZING DEGREE DAYS FOR MID-FEBRUARY IN GRAND ISLAND IS JUST  
OVER 600 AND WE WERE SOMEWHERE BETWEEN 425 AND 550 FREEZING DEGREE  
DAYS AT THIS POINT DURING THE PAST TWO WINTERS. WE'VE RECEIVED  
REPORTS OF RIVER ICE THICKNESS TO AROUND 1 FOOT IN SOME LOCATIONS,  
WHICH LEADS TO AN ELEVATED RISK FOR ICE JAM FLOODING ONCE THIS RIVER  
ICE BEGINS TO BREAK UP. THUS FAR WE'VE HAD SPORADIC ICE JAMS THIS  
WINTER, AND THIS THREAT WILL CONTINUE THROUGH THE SHORT TERM AS THE  
THAW AND RE-FREEZE CYCLE CONTINUES. WE LIKELY WILL NOT SEE A FULL  
FLEDGED RIVER ICE BREAK UP UNTIL SOMETIME IN MARCH, WHICH IS WHEN OUR  
THREAT FOR ICE JAM FLOODING WILL BE THE GREATEST. HISTORICALLY WE  
TYPICALLY ONLY SEE A THREAT OF ICE JAM FLOODING WITHIN THE LOUP AND  
PLATTE RIVER BASINS.  
 
FLOODING POTENTIAL FROM RAIN AND SNOW MELT: THE WEATHER PATTERN  
APPEARS TO TURN MORE ACTIVE AS WE HEAD INTO LATE FEBRUARY, BUT  
PRECIPITATION WOULD LIKELY FAVOR SNOW VERSUS RAIN. HOWEVER, IF WE  
WERE TO SEE ANY APPRECIABLE RAINFALL ON OUR CURRENTLY-FROZEN GROUND  
WE COULD EXPECT MOST OF THE RAIN TO RUN OFF, LEADING TO AN ENHANCED  
FLOOD THREAT. AS OF FEBRUARY 15TH THE FROST DEPTH HAS BEEN RUNNING  
AROUND 16 INCHES IN THICKNESS. THE SNOW COVER WE CURRENTLY HAVE ON  
THE GROUND ACROSS PORTIONS OF THE FORECAST AREA HAS A LOW ENOUGH  
LIQUID CONTENT, AND WILL MELT SLOW ENOUGH, THAT IT IS NOT EXPECTED  
TO POSE A FLOODING THREAT.  
   
..LONG TERM HYDROLOGIC OUTLOOK...MARCH 1ST - MAY 18TH
 
 
THE LATEST DROUGHT MONITOR INDICATES THAT MOST OF OUR FORECAST AREA  
GENERALLY SOUTH OF HIGHWAY 92 HAS BEEN ABNORMALLY DRY. OUR SOIL  
MOISTURE FOR THIS TIME OF YEAR RANGES FROM A LITTLE ABOVE NORMAL  
NORTH OF HIGHWAY 92, TO NEAR NORMAL FOR THE REST OF SOUTH CENTRAL  
NEBRASKA, TO SLIGHTLY BELOW NORMAL ACROSS NORTHERN KANSAS. WE EXPECT  
LATE FEBRUARY TO BE COOL ENOUGH THAT THE WE WILL STILL BE DEALING  
WITH RIVER ICE AND FROZEN GROUND CONDITIONS AS WE HEAD INTO EARLY  
MARCH, WHICH WILL BE A LATER ICE-OUT THAN IN THE PAST FEW YEARS.  
THERE ARE NOT MANY GOOD LONG RANGE FORECASTING CLUES THIS SPRING AND  
THUS THE 3-MONTH PRECIPITATION OUTLOOK IS MAINLY INDICATING EQUAL  
CHANCES OF ABOVE, BELOW OR NEAR NORMAL PRECIPITATION. THE PLATTE  
RIVER BASIN OVER THE ROCKY MOUNTAINS HAS EXPERIENCED A NEAR NORMAL  
SNOW YEAR THUS FAR. THE RESERVOIRS ON THE PLATTE RIVER ARE A LITTLE  
FULLER THAN AVERAGE, BUT HAVE PLENTY OF SPACE TO HANDLE THE EXPECTED  
SPRING RUNOFF. THEREFORE, RUNOFF FROM SPRING SNOWMELT IS NOT  
EXPECTED TO RESULT IN FLOODING CONCERNS THIS YEAR.  
 
THE THREAT OF ICE JAM FLOODING WILL CONTINUE TO BE ABOVE NORMAL IN  
THE LOUP AND PLATTE RIVER BASINS IN EARLY MARCH DUE TO OUR THICK  
RIVER ICE AND A LATER ICE-OUT THAN IN RECENT YEARS. ICE JAM PRONE  
AREAS WILL WANT TO CLOSELY MONITOR RIVER ICE CONDITIONS FOR POSSIBLE  
ICE JAMS AS THE ICE BEGINS TO BREAK UP AND FLOW DOWNSTREAM IN MARCH.  
ANY MODERATE TO HEAVY RAINFALL EVENTS OF OVER 1 INCH IN EARLY MARCH  
PRIOR TO GROUND THAW WOULD ALSO BE POTENTIALLY PROBLEMATIC AND  
ENHANCE OUR EARLY MARCH FLOOD POTENTIAL SHOULD THEY OCCUR. HOWEVER,  
IT NEEDS TO BE NOTED THAT HEAVY RAINS IN EARLY MARCH TEND TO BE  
RATHER RARE, BUT THE LATER WE GET INTO MARCH WITH THE FROZEN GROUND,  
THE BETTER THE CHANCE CLIMATOLOGICALLY FOR RAIN EVENTS.  
 
AFTER WE THAW THE GROUND AND CLEAR THE RIVER OF ICE WE SHOULD MORE  
OR LESS EXPECT A FAIRLY NORMAL CHANCE FOR SPRING FLOODING THROUGH  
MAY. THE RIVER FLOW MODELS INDICATE SOME OF OUR RIVERS MAY BE A HAIR  
ABOVE NORMAL AND SOME A BIT BELOW, BUT IF YOU AVERAGE EVERYTHING OUT  
ACROSS OUR FORECAST AREA, IT APPEARS LIKE WE ARE HEADING TOWARDS A  
FAIRLY NORMAL SPRING FLOOD THREAT.  
 
...CLIMATOLOGICAL REVIEW (ANNUAL 2017 AND MORE RECENT  
WINTER 2017-18 PRECIPITATION TRENDS)...  
 
LET'S START WITH A LOOK BACK AT PRECIPITATION TOTALS FOR THE YEAR  
2017 ACROSS THE 30 COUNTY NWS HASTINGS COVERAGE AREA (24 COUNTIES IN  
NEBRASKA AND 6 IN KANSAS):  
 
IN THE MOST BASIC SENSE, 2017 PRECIPITATION ACROSS THE 30-COUNTY  
AREA AS A WHOLE WAS NOT ALL THAT DIFFERENT THAN 2016, MEANING THAT  
IT WAS RELATIVELY "NEAR-NORMAL". MORE SPECIFICALLY, THE MAJORITY OF  
LOCATIONS OBSERVED ANNUAL TOTALS BETWEEN 85-115 PERCENT OF 30-YEAR  
NORMALS. IN OTHER WORDS, FOR MOST PLACES, 2017 AS A WHOLE WAS NOT  
OVERLY-DRY OR OVERLY-WET. THAT BEING SAID, OF COURSE THERE WERE SOME  
LOCALIZED DRIER AND WETTER EXCEPTIONS, AND FOR MOST ALL AREAS, THE  
LAST TWO-AND-A-HALF MONTHS FROM MID-OCTOBER ONWARD WERE VERY DRY.  
 
NOW HERE IS A CLOSER LOOK AT 2017 PRECIPITATION TOTALS/TRENDS WITHIN  
BOTH NEBRASKA/KANSAS PORTIONS OF THE LOCAL AREA (INCLUDING A  
PRECIPITATION TABLE BELOW):  
 
CENTRAL/SOUTH CENTRAL NEBRASKA (24 COUNTIES):  
MOST OF THE LOCAL AREA MEASURED ANNUAL PRECIPITATION TOTALS BETWEEN  
85-115 PERCENT OF THE 30-YEAR NORMAL...MEANING GENERALLY "NEAR  
NORMAL". HOWEVER, THERE WERE OF COURSE SOME DRIER AND WETTER  
EXCEPTIONS. ON THE DRIER SIDE OF THINGS, ONE OF THE MAIN AREAS THAT  
STOOD OUT WAS FILLMORE/THAYER COUNTIES. IN CONTRAST, THE OVERALL-  
WETTEST PLACES GENERALLY CONCENTRATED IN TWO AREAS: 1) WITHIN A  
ROUGHLY 20-40 MILE WIDE CORRIDOR EXTENDING FROM FRANKLIN/WEBSTER  
COUNTIES IN THE SOUTH, THEN NORTHEASTWARD THROUGH THE HASTINGS-GRAND  
ISLAND-AURORA-OSCEOLA-GENOA AREAS...2) WITHIN THE VALLEY/SHERMAN  
COUNTY AREA. BASED ON DATA FROM AROUND 40 NWS COOPERATIVE OBSERVER  
STATIONS, ALONG WITH A FEW AUTOMATED AIRPORT SITES, A FEW OF THE  
DRIEST LOCATIONS (VERSUS NORMAL) INCLUDED HEBRON WITH 24.54" (6.85  
BELOW NORMAL) AND GENEVA AT 27.33 (-1.94). ON THE OPPOSITE SIDE OF  
THE RAIN GAUGE, SOME OF THE WETTEST TOTALS (VERSUS NORMAL) INCLUDED  
36.19" AT OSCEOLA (7.30 ABOVE NORMAL), 31.43" AT LOUP CITY (+4.34)  
AND 30.39" AT GRAND ISLAND AIRPORT (+3.73"). TWO OF THE OVERALL-  
WETTEST MONTHS OF THE YEAR FOR MOST AREAS WERE MAY AND OCTOBER (MOST  
OF WHICH FELL EARLY IN THE MONTH).  
 
NORTH CENTRAL KANSAS (6 COUNTIES):  
COMPARED TO NEBRASKA PORTIONS OF THE AREA, THINGS WERE OVERALL-DRIER  
HERE, WITH AT LEAST 70 PERCENT OF THE AREA MEASURING AT LEAST  
SLIGHTLY BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION (THE AREA AS A WHOLE GENERALLY  
RANGED FROM 80-105 PERCENT OF NORMAL). THE OVERALL-DRIEST CONDITIONS  
FOCUSED WITHIN JEWELL, OSBORNE, SOUTHEASTERN SMITH AND NORTHWESTERN  
MITCHELL COUNTIES. IN CONTRAST, AT LEAST SLIGHTLY ABOVE NORMAL  
PRECIPITATION CONCENTRATED WITHIN PHILLIPS, NORTHWESTERN SMITH AND  
NORTHWESTERN ROOKS COUNTIES. BASED ON DATA FROM 18 OFFICIAL NWS  
COOPERATIVE OBSERVER STATIONS, A FEW OF THE WETTEST SITES INCLUDED  
PHILLIPSBURG WITH 28.59" (3.17 ABOVE NORMAL) AND LOGAN WITH 23.34"  
(+0.61). IN CONTRAST, A FEW OF THE DRIEST STATIONS INCLUDED ALTON (2  
MILES SOUTHWEST) WITH 21.32" (4.81" BELOW NORMAL) AND NATOMA WITH  
22.06" (-4.23").  
 
2017 DROUGHT RECAP (ENTIRE NWS HASTINGS COVERAGE AREA):  
ACCORDING TO WEEKLY DROUGHT UPDATES BY THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR, THE  
YEAR STARTED OUT WITH MOST OF THE AREA IN ABNORMALLY DRY (CATEGORY  
D0) CONDITIONS, WITH LIMITED AREAS OF MODERATE DROUGHT (D1). THANKS  
TO A FAIRLY WET SPRING, THE ENTIRE AREA BECAME VOID OF ALL DROUGHT  
CATEGORIES BY LATE MAY, BUT THIS ONLY PERSISTED FOR ABOUT ONE MONTH,  
AS A SOMEWHAT DRY JUNE AND JULY (IN MANY AREAS) BROUGHT BACK A  
FAIRLY WIDESPREAD COVERAGE OF ABNORMALLY DRY (D0) THAT PERSISTED  
INTO EARLY FALL. THANKS TO WIDESPREAD EARLY-OCTOBER RAINS, THE VAST  
MAJORITY OF COUNTIES AGAIN BECAME FREE OF ALL DROUGHT CATEGORIES FOR  
1-2 MONTHS. HOWEVER, A VERY DRY PERIOD FROM MID-OCTOBER THROUGH THE  
END OF THE YEAR BROUGHT A RETURN OF WIDESPREAD ABNORMALLY DRY (D0)  
IN DECEMBER. OVERALL THOUGH, 2017 FEATURED ENOUGH PRECIPITATION TO  
KEEP SEVERE DROUGHT (D2) OR WORSE AT BAY.  
 
THE FIRST TABLE BELOW FEATURES PRECIPITATION TOTALS AND DEPARTURES  
FROM NORMAL/PERCENT OF NORMAL FOR THE ENTIRE YEAR 2017, WITH DATA  
DEPICTED FOR 30 LOCATIONS SCATTERED THROUGHOUT THE LOCAL AREA. MOST  
OF THESE STATIONS ARE NWS COOPERATIVE OBSERVERS, ALONG WITH A FEW  
PRIMARY AIRPORT SITES:  
 
LOCATION PRECIP PERCENT OF  
NORTH CENTRAL KS ALL OF 2017 NORMAL DEPARTURE NORMAL  
-------- -------- ------ --------- --------  
ALTON 2SW 21.32 26.13 -4.81 82  
BELOIT 26.67 27.92 -1.25 96  
BURR OAK 23.62 27.06 -3.44 87  
LOGAN 23.34 22.73 +0.61 103  
NATOMA 22.06 26.29 -4.23 84  
PHILLIPSBURG 28.59 25.42 +3.17 112  
SMITH CENTER 24.19 25.71 -1.52 94  
 
LOCATION PRECIP PERCENT OF  
SOUTH CENTRAL NE ALL OF 2017 NORMAL DEPARTURE NORMAL  
-------- -------- ------ --------- --------  
AURORA 4N 32.63 30.96 +1.67 105  
CAMBRIDGE 23.63 22.49 +1.14 105  
CLAY CENTER 28.49 28.78 -0.29 99  
ELWOOD 8S 25.08 23.43 +1.65 107  
FRANKLIN 29.39 26.23 +3.16 112  
GENOA 2W 32.43 28.82 +3.61 113  
GENEVA 27.33 29.27 -1.94 93  
GOTHENBURG 27.02 23.71 +3.31 114  
GRAND ISLAND ARPT 30.39 26.66 +3.73 114  
GREELEY 26.57 26.91 -0.34 99  
HARLAN COUNTY LAKE 26.91 24.49 +2.42 110  
HASTINGS AIRPORT 30.67 27.11 +3.56 113  
HEBRON 24.54 31.39 -6.85 78  
KEARNEY AIRPORT 25.54 25.23 +0.31 101  
LOUP CITY 31.43 27.09 +4.34 116  
MINDEN 25.37 26.22 -0.85 97  
ORD AIRPORT 29.07 24.94 +4.13 117  
OSCEOLA 36.19 28.89 +7.30 125  
RAVENNA 27.69 26.54 +1.15 104  
RED CLOUD 28.20 30.23 -2.03 93  
SHELBY 3NE 32.03 26.86 +5.17 119  
ST. PAUL 27.58 26.21 +1.37 105  
YORK 3N 30.23 30.23 0.00 100  
 
NOW THAT WE'VE EXAMINED PRECIPITATION TRENDS/TOTALS FOR THE ENTIRE  
YEAR 2017, IT'S TIME TO TAKE A CLOSER LOOK AT MORE RECENT  
PRECIPITATION TRENDS OVER THE PAST FEW MONTHS, SPECIFICALLY WHAT HAS  
TRANSPIRED SINCE THE START OF "METEOROLOGICAL WINTER" BACK ON DEC.  
1ST (METEOROLOGICAL WINTER IS DEFINED AS THE THREE CALENDAR MONTHS  
OF DEC-JAN-FEB).  
 
AS EVIDENCED IN THE DATA PRESENTED IN THE TABLE BELOW (AND SUPPORTED  
BY NWS AHPS PRECIPITATION ANALYSIS), THIS WINTER-SO-FAR HAS FEATURED  
A FAIR AMOUNT OF VARIABILITY IN PRECIPITATION ACROSS THE  
LOCAL 30-COUNTY AREA, BUT AS A WHOLE, ROUGHLY TWO-THIRDS OF THE AREA  
HAS BEEN BELOW NORMAL. THE FARTHEST-BELOW-NORMAL LOCATIONS HAVE  
CONCENTRATED WITHIN SOUTHERN AND SOUTHEASTERN COUNTIES, ESPECIALLY  
NORTH CENTRAL KANSAS, ALONG WITH SOUTH CENTRAL NEBRASKA AREAS NEAR  
THE STATE LINE AND ALSO EXTENDING NORTH UP HIGHWAY 81 INTO FILLMORE  
AND YORK COUNTIES. IN CONTRAST, SEVERAL NEBRASKA COUNTIES MAINLY  
ALONG/NORTH OF INTERSTATE 80 HAVE RECEIVED AT LEAST SLIGHTLY ABOVE-  
NORMAL PRECIPITATION, LARGELY DUE TO THE SIGNIFICANT SNOW  
STORM/BLIZZARD OF JAN. 21-22. FOR PARTS OF THE AREA, THIS WAS THE  
OVERALL-BIGGEST SNOW STORM IN NEARLY TWO YEARS, WITH MOST COUNTIES  
NORTH OF INTERSTATE 80 SEEING 10-14 INCHES. HOWEVER, SNOW AMOUNTS  
WITH THIS STORM TAPERED OFF SHARPLY SOUTH OF THERE, WITH MOST PLACES  
SOUTH OF I-80 ONLY AVERAGING 1-4" (WITH A NOTABLE EXCEPTION OF  
SOUTHERN ROOKS COUNTY KS WHICH SAW AROUND 6"). IN TERMS OF WINTER-TO-  
DATE EXTREMES, ONE OF THE OVERALL DRIEST NWS STATIONS SINCE DEC. 1  
HAS BEEN BELOIT KS WITH MERELY 0.56" (1.34" BELOW NORMAL). ON THE  
WETTER SIDE OF THE SPECTRUM IS GRAND ISLAND AIRPORT WITH 2.18"  
(0.72" ABOVE NORMAL).  
 
WINTER DROUGHT TRENDS:  
ACCORDING TO WEEKLY UPDATES BY THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR, MUCH OF THE  
30-COUNTY AREA HAS REMAINED "STUCK" IN ABNORMALLY DRY (D0)  
CONDITIONS SINCE EARLY-MID DECEMBER. HOWEVER, SEVERAL NEBRASKA  
COUNTIES MAINLY NORTHWEST OF A LINE FROM ELWOOD-CENTRAL CITY HAVE  
SEEN RECENT IMPROVEMENT TO NO DROUGHT CATEGORIES WHATSOEVER, WHILE  
IN THE FAR SOUTHEAST CORNER OF THE COVERAGE AREA, ROUGHLY THE  
SOUTHEAST HALF OF MITCHELL COUNTY KS HAS BEEN DEGRADED TO MODERATE  
DROUGHT (D1). KEEPING THINGS IN PERSPECTIVE THOUGH, ONE MUST KEEP IN  
MIND THAT NO MATTER HOW MUCH PRECIPITATION FALLS DURING THE WINTER,  
IT USUALLY ONLY ACCOUNTS FOR A SMALL PERCENTAGE OF TOTAL ANNUAL  
PRECIPITATION, THE VAST MAJORITY OF WHICH FALLS DURING THE SPRING  
AND SUMMER.  
 
THIS NEXT TABLE BELOW HIGHLIGHTS PRECIPITATION TOTALS AND DEPARTURES  
FROM NORMAL/PERCENT OF NORMAL FOR METEOROLOGICAL WINTER THUS FAR,  
COVERING DEC. 1 - FEB. 14. THIS TABLE FEATURES DATA FOR 25 LOCATIONS  
SCATTERED THROUGHOUT THE LOCAL AREA, MANY OF WHICH ARE THE SAME AS  
FOUND IN THE 2017 ANNUAL TABLE ABOVE. MOST OF THESE STATIONS ARE  
OFFICIAL NWS COOPERATIVE OBSERVERS, ALONG WITH A FEW PRIMARY AIRPORT  
SITES:  
 
LOCATION PRECIP PERCENT OF  
NORTH CENTRAL KS DEC 1-FEB 14 NORMAL DEPARTURE NORMAL  
-------- -------- ------ --------- --------  
ALTON 2SW 0.79 1.78 -0.99 44  
BELOIT 0.56 1.90 -1.34 29  
BURR OAK 1.05 1.77 -0.72 59  
LOGAN 0.98 1.41 -0.43 70  
PLAINVILLE 4WNW 1.49 1.75 -0.26 85  
SMITH CENTER 0.74 1.44 -0.70 51  
 
LOCATION PRECIP PERCENT OF  
SOUTH CENTRAL NE DEC 1-FEB 14 NORMAL DEPARTURE NORMAL  
-------- -------- ------ --------- --------  
CAMBRIDGE 1.34 1.31 +0.03 102  
CLAY CENTER 1.08 1.63 -0.55 66  
ELWOOD 8S 1.05 1.40 -0.35 75  
FRANKLIN 0.87 1.55 -0.68 56  
GENEVA 0.76 1.61 -0.85 47  
GRAND ISLAND ARPT 2.18 1.46 +0.72 149  
GREELEY 1.47 1.55 -0.08 94  
HASTINGS AIRPORT 1.21 1.25 -0.04 97  
HEBRON 1.38 2.05 -0.67 67  
HOLDREGE 1.35 1.36 -0.01 99  
KEARNEY AIRPORT 1.85 1.33 +0.52 139  
LOUP CITY 1.55 1.59 -0.04 97  
MINDEN 1.05 1.23 -0.18 85  
ORD AIRPORT 1.65 1.21 +0.44 136  
OSCEOLA 2.09 1.89 +0.20 111  
RAVENNA 1.61 1.37 +0.24 118  
SHELBY 3NE 1.94 1.68 +0.26 115  
ST. PAUL 2.59 1.31 +1.28 198  
YORK 3N 1.31 2.31 -1.00 57  
 
...WEATHER/CLIMATOLOGICAL OUTLOOK FOR THE NEXT WEEK THROUGH THE NEXT  
THREE MONTHS...  
 
IT'S NOW TIME TO SWITCH GEARS AND LOOK AHEAD TO EXPECTED WEATHER  
CONDITIONS OVER THE NEXT SEVERAL DAYS AND EXPECTED CLIMATE TRENDS  
OVER THE NEXT SEVERAL MONTHS:  
 
STARTING WITH THE MOST IMMEDIATE LOCAL WEATHER EXPECTATIONS OVER THE  
NEXT WEEK (THROUGH FEB. 22): ACCORDING TO THE LATEST NWS HASTINGS 7-  
DAY FORECAST, THE UPCOMING WEEK LOOKS TO FEATURE MOSTLY DRY  
CONDITIONS, ALONG WITH TEMPERATURES FLUCTUATING SEVERAL DEGREES  
EITHER SIDE OF MID-FEBRUARY NORMALS. PRECIPITATION-WISE, THE ONLY  
CHANCES FOR MEASURABLE PRECIPITATION APPEAR TO FOCUS BETWEEN MONDAY  
THE 19TH AND TUESDAY THE 20TH, BUT AMOUNTS CURRENTLY APPEAR QUITE  
MEAGER. TEMPERATURE-WISE, DAILY HIGHS WILL RUN A WIDE SPECTRUM  
DURING THE NEXT WEEK, RANGING FROM AS COLD AS THE 20S (SUCH AS  
TUESDAY THE 20TH) TO AS WARM AS THE 50S AND 60S (ON SUNDAY THE  
18TH). PUTTING THIS IN PERSPECTIVE, 30-YEAR NORMAL HIGHS DURING THE  
LATTER PART OF FEBRUARY TYPICALLY AVERAGE SOMEWHERE IN THE LOW-MID  
40S ACROSS MOST OF SOUTH CENTRAL NEBRASKA/NORTH CENTRAL KANSAS.  
 
LOOKING OUT A BIT FARTHER INTO THE FINAL WEEK OF FEBRUARY, THE  
LATEST 8-14 DAY OUTLOOK FROM THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER (VALID  
FEB. 22-28) SLIGHTLY FAVORS AN ABOVE-NORMAL TEMPERATURE REGIME (33-  
50 PERCENT CHANCE) AND ALSO FAVORS NEAR-NORMAL PRECIPITATION.  
 
LOOKING AHEAD TO THE UPCOMING MONTH OF MARCH AS A WHOLE, THE LATEST  
ONE-MONTH OUTLOOK FROM THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER (CPC) RELEASED  
FEB. 15 FAVORS "EQUAL CHANCES" OF SEEING ABOVE, NEAR OR BELOW NORMAL  
PRECIPITATION DURING THE MONTH, BUT AT LEAST SLIGHTLY FAVORS BELOW  
NORMAL TEMPERATURES (33-50 PERCENT CHANCE). HOWEVER, THIS STILL  
MEANS THERE IS ONE-IN-THREE CHANCE (33 PERCENT) THAT TEMPERATURES  
COULD AVERAGE NEAR NORMAL (WITHIN THE MIDDLE ONE-THIRD OF  
CLIMATOLOGY), AND A LESSER (17-33 PERCENT CHANCE) THAT TEMPERATURES  
COULD ACTUALLY AVERAGE ABOVE NORMAL, OR OPPOSITE OF CURRENT  
EXPECTATIONS. THE "EQUAL CHANCES" FORECAST FOR PRECIPITATION MEANS  
THERE IS NO CLEAR SIGNAL IN CURRENT LONGER-TERM FORECASTS TO SUPPORT  
ONE OUTCOMES OVER ANOTHER (ABOVE NORMAL, NEAR NORMAL, BELOW NORMAL).  
HOWEVER, AS A POINT OF REFERENCE, NORMAL MARCH PRECIPITATION ACROSS  
THE LOCAL AREA RANGES FROM AROUND 1.40" IN THE WESTERN-MOST COUNTIES  
(SUCH AS DAWSON/FURNAS), UP TO AROUND 2.10" IN FAR EASTERN COUNTIES  
ALONG AND NEAR HIGHWAY 81 (SUCH AS YORK/THAYER). TEMPERATURE-WISE,  
LONG-TERM 30-YEAR NORMALS (BASED ON 1981-2010 DATA) INDICATE THAT  
MARCH HIGH TEMPERATURES ACROSS SOUTH CENTRAL NEBRASKA AND NORTH  
CENTRAL KANSAS GRADUALLY CLIMB FROM AVERAGES IN THE MID-40S/NEAR-50  
EARLY IN THE MONTH TO THE UPPER 50S/LOW 60S BY MONTH'S END. AVERAGE  
DAILY LOW TEMPERATURES GRADUALLY INCREASE FROM AROUND 20 TO AROUND  
30 DEGREES.  
 
TURNING TO THE METEOROLOGICAL SPRING MONTHS OF MARCH-APRIL-MAY AS A  
WHOLE, THE LATEST THREE-MONTH OUTLOOK VALID FOR MARCH-MAY (RELEASED  
FEB. 15) SHOWS NO TRULY STRONG CLIMATE SIGNALS, WITH MUCH OF THE  
LOCAL AREA ASSIGNED "EQUAL CHANCES" FOR BOTH TEMPERATURES AND  
PRECIPITATION. HOWEVER, ROUGHLY THE SOUTHWESTERN ONE-THIRD TO ONE-  
HALF OF THE LOCAL AREA VERY SLIGHTLY FAVORS (33-40 PERCENT CHANCE)  
ABOVE NORMAL TEMPERATURES AND BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION. AGAIN,  
"EQUAL CHANCES" MEANS THAT LONG RANGE FORECAST TOOLS JUST DO NOT  
PRESENT ENOUGH OF A SIGNAL TO SUPPORT ONE OF THESE POSSIBLE OUTCOMES  
OVER ANOTHER. ALTHOUGH THERE ARE NO TRULY STRONG SIGNALS REGARDING  
UPCOMING SPRING PRECIPITATION TRENDS, ONE CAN KEEP IN MIND THAT 30-  
YEAR NORMAL PRECIPITATION FROM MARCH-MAY ACROSS THE NWS HASTINGS  
COVERAGE AREA TYPICALLY RANGES FROM 7-10 INCHES, WITH THE LOWEST  
AMOUNTS GENERALLY WEST OF HIGHWAY 183 AND HIGHEST AMOUNTS NEAR THE  
HIGHWAY 81 CORRIDOR.  
 
FINALLY, THE LATEST U.S. SEASONAL DROUGHT OUTLOOK (ISSUED BY CPC ON  
FEB. 15 AND VALID THROUGH THE END OF MAY) INDICATES THAT THERE ARE  
NO STRONG INDICATIONS TO SUGGEST DROUGHT CONDITIONS WILL  
DEGRADE/WORSEN OVER SOUTH CENTRAL NEBRASKA AND NORTH CENTRAL KANSAS.  
 
(THE LONGER RANGE FORECASTS ISSUED BY CPC AND REFERENCED IN THE  
PRECEDING PARAGRAPHS ARE BASED ON OUTPUT FROM VARIOUS FORECAST  
MODELS, AS WELL AS FORECASTER EXPERTISE, AND TAKE INTO CONSIDERATION  
ONGOING GLOBAL/TROPICAL ATMOSPHERIC AND OCEANIC STATES, RECENT  
TRENDS IN OBSERVED DATA, SOIL MOISTURE CONDITIONS, ETC. MORE  
INFORMATION ABOUT THESE LONGER-RANGE FORECASTS CAN BE OBTAINED FROM  
THE CPC WEB SITE AT: HTTP://WWW.CPC.NOAA.GOV)  
 
   
..LONG RANGE PROBABILISTIC OUTLOOKS
 
 
IN TABLE 1 BELOW...THE CURRENT (CS) AND HISTORICAL (HS) OR NORMAL  
PROBABILITIES OF EXCEEDING MINOR...MODERATE...AND MAJOR FLOOD STAGES  
ARE LISTED FOR THE VALID TIME PERIOD.  
 
CS VALUES INDICATE THE PROBABILITY OF REACHING A FLOOD CATEGORY  
BASED ON CURRENT CONDITIONS.  
 
HS VALUES INDICATE THE PROBABILITY OF REACHING A FLOOD CATEGORY  
BASED ON HISTORICAL OR NORMAL CONDITIONS.  
 
WHEN THE VALUE OF CS IS MORE THAN HS...THE PROBABILITY OF  
EXCEEDING THAT LEVEL IS HIGHER THAN NORMAL. WHEN THE VALUE OF CS IS  
LESS THAN HS...THE PROBABILITY OF EXCEEDING THAT LEVEL IS LOWER  
THAN NORMAL.  
 
   
..TABLE 1--PROBABILITIES FOR MINOR...MODERATE AND MAJOR FLOODING
 
 
VALID PERIOD: 02/17/2018 - 05/18/2018  
 
: CURRENT AND HISTORICAL  
: CHANCES OF EXCEEDING  
: FLOOD CATEGORIES  
: AS A PERCENTAGE (%)  
CATEGORICAL :  
FLOOD STAGES (FT) : MINOR MODERATE MAJOR  
LOCATION MINOR MOD MAJOR : CS HS CS HS CS HS  
-------- ----- ----- ----- : --- --- --- --- --- ---  
:LITTLE BLUE RIVER  
DEWEESE 10.0 16.0 17.0 : 9 14 <5 <5 <5 <5  
:NORTH FORK SOLOMON  
GLADE 11.0 16.0 18.0 : 7 5 <5 <5 <5 <5  
:BOW CREEK  
STOCKTON 9.0 12.0 13.6 : 5 <5 <5 <5 <5 <5  
:PLATTE RIVER  
COZAD 6.5 8.0 10.0 : 17 19 6 8 <5 <5  
OVERTON 7.5 12.0 14.0 : 8 12 <5 <5 <5 <5  
KEARNEY 7.0 8.0 9.0 : <5 9 <5 6 <5 <5  
GRAND ISLAND 6.5 7.0 7.5 : 11 13 7 10 6 7  
:WOOD RIVER  
GIBBON 15.0 16.0 16.5 : 17 18 9 12 8 10  
ALDA 10.0 11.0 12.2 : 24 25 19 20 9 12  
:SOUTH LOUP RIVER  
RAVENNA 5.0 8.0 10.0 : 19 22 <5 <5 <5 <5  
:MUD CREEK  
SWEETWATER 16.5 18.0 21.0 : 11 8 <5 <5 <5 <5  
:SOUTH LOUP RIVER  
SAINT MICHAEL 7.5 12.0 15.0 : 11 11 <5 <5 <5 <5  
:MIDDLE LOUP RIVER  
SAINT PAUL 8.0 10.0 12.0 : <5 <5 <5 <5 <5 <5  
:NORTH LOUP RIVER  
SAINT PAUL 7.0 10.0 12.0 : <5 <5 <5 <5 <5 <5  
:CEDAR RIVER  
FULLERTON 9.0 17.0 18.0 : <5 <5 <5 <5 <5 <5  
:LOUP RIVER  
GENOA 10.5 12.0 13.0 : 6 7 <5 <5 <5 <5  
:BEAVER CREEK  
GENOA 15.0 17.0 19.0 : 5 7 <5 <5 <5 <5  
:REPUBLICAN RIVER  
RIVERTON 9.0 10.5 13.5 : <5 <5 <5 <5 <5 <5  
GUIDE ROCK 12.5 15.0 17.0 : <5 <5 <5 <5 <5 <5  
HARDY 11.0 14.0 15.5 : <5 6 <5 <5 <5 <5  
:SOUTH FORK SOLOMON RIVER  
WOODSTON 12.0 16.0 27.0 : 11 20 6 10 <5 <5  
:SOUTH FORK SOLOMON  
OSBORNE 14.0 20.0 27.0 : 12 25 5 10 <5 <5  
:NORTH FORK SOLOMON  
PORTIS 15.0 20.0 25.0 : 24 17 14 9 <5 <5  
:SOLOMON RIVER  
BELOIT 20.0 25.0 30.0 : 18 27 11 10 <5 <5  
:REPUBLICAN RIVER  
CAMBRIDGE 9.0 10.0 16.0 : <5 <5 <5 <5 <5 <5  
ORLEANS 9.0 11.0 13.0 : <5 <5 <5 <5 <5 <5  
:BEAVER CREEK  
BEAVER CITY 11.0 13.0 15.0 : <5 <5 <5 <5 <5 <5  
:SAPPA CREEK  
BEAVER CITY 16.0 18.0 20.0 : <5 <5 <5 <5 <5 <5  
STAMFORD 19.0 22.0 26.0 : <5 <5 <5 <5 <5 <5  
:PRAIRIE DOG CREEK  
WOODRUFF 21.0 24.0 30.0 : <5 <5 <5 <5 <5 <5  
 
LEGEND  
CS = CONDITIONAL SIMULATION (CURRENT OUTLOOK)  
HS = HISTORICAL SIMULATION  
FT = FEET  
 
IN TABLE 2 BELOW...THE 95 THROUGH 5 PERCENT COLUMNS INDICATE THE  
PROBABILITY OF EXCEEDING THE LISTED STAGE LEVELS (FT) FOR THE VALID  
TIME PERIOD.  
   
..TABLE 2--EXCEEDANCE PROBABILITIES
 
 
CHANCE OF EXCEEDING STAGES  
AT SPECIFIC LOCATIONS  
VALID PERIOD: 02/17/2018 - 05/18/2018  
LOCATION 95% 90% 75% 50% 25% 10% 5%  
-------- ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------  
:LITTLE BLUE RIVER  
DEWEESE 4.0 4.2 5.1 7.5 9.1 9.9 13.7  
:NORTH FORK SOLOMON  
GLADE 2.9 2.9 2.9 4.5 8.7 10.7 11.3  
:BOW CREEK  
STOCKTON 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7 7.0 8.2 8.8  
:PLATTE RIVER  
COZAD 1.8 1.9 3.4 4.5 5.6 7.3 8.1  
OVERTON 3.9 3.9 4.0 4.7 5.4 7.1 8.8  
KEARNEY 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.6 4.7 5.7 6.2  
GRAND ISLAND 4.3 4.3 4.5 4.7 5.3 6.7 7.7  
:WOOD RIVER  
GIBBON 4.1 4.1 5.8 9.3 11.8 15.8 17.4  
ALDA 4.5 4.5 5.6 7.7 9.8 12.0 13.0  
:SOUTH LOUP RIVER  
RAVENNA 3.0 3.1 3.6 4.2 4.7 5.7 6.2  
:MUD CREEK  
SWEETWATER 7.6 8.6 9.6 11.9 13.5 16.7 17.5  
:SOUTH LOUP RIVER  
SAINT MICHAEL 3.1 3.4 3.9 4.9 5.8 7.7 8.6  
:MIDDLE LOUP RIVER  
SAINT PAUL 2.6 2.7 3.1 3.4 4.1 4.7 5.7  
:NORTH LOUP RIVER  
SAINT PAUL 3.3 3.4 3.8 4.3 4.6 5.1 5.2  
:CEDAR RIVER  
FULLERTON 4.2 4.4 5.0 5.7 6.3 7.1 7.8  
:LOUP RIVER  
GENOA 5.3 6.1 7.0 8.0 8.7 10.0 10.9  
:BEAVER CREEK  
GENOA 5.1 5.6 7.2 8.9 10.2 12.2 15.6  
:REPUBLICAN RIVER  
RIVERTON 1.6 1.6 1.8 2.7 3.8 5.1 7.3  
GUIDE ROCK 3.5 3.5 3.9 6.2 7.8 9.9 12.0  
HARDY 2.2 2.2 3.5 4.8 6.4 7.7 10.4  
:SOUTH FORK SOLOMON RIVER  
WOODSTON 4.3 4.3 4.6 6.1 8.3 12.8 17.6  
:SOUTH FORK SOLOMON  
OSBORNE 3.8 3.8 5.0 6.8 8.7 16.3 20.2  
:NORTH FORK SOLOMON  
PORTIS 4.1 4.1 5.8 7.8 14.4 21.5 22.9  
:SOLOMON RIVER  
BELOIT 3.5 3.5 4.3 7.9 18.1 25.9 29.4  
:REPUBLICAN RIVER  
CAMBRIDGE 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.6 4.2 6.1 6.4  
ORLEANS 3.2 3.3 3.3 4.0 5.1 7.4 7.7  
:BEAVER CREEK  
BEAVER CITY 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.8 4.5 7.7 10.4  
:SAPPA CREEK  
BEAVER CITY 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.9 4.1 7.9 11.4  
STAMFORD 6.8 6.8 6.8 7.2 9.7 11.8 13.3  
:PRAIRIE DOG CREEK  
WOODRUFF 1.2 1.2 1.2 3.5 6.8 8.7 11.8  
 
IN TABLE 3 BELOW...THE 95 THROUGH 5 PERCENT COLUMNS INDICATE THE  
PROBABILITY OF FALLING BELOW THE LISTED STAGE LEVELS (FT) FOR THE  
VALID TIME PERIOD.  
   
..TABLE 3--NONEXCEEDANCE PROBABILITIES
 
 
CHANCE OF FALLING BELOW STAGES  
AT SPECIFIC LOCATIONS  
VALID PERIOD: 02/17/2018 - 05/18/2018  
LOCATION 95% 90% 75% 50% 25% 10% 5%  
-------- ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------  
:LITTLE BLUE RIVER  
DEWEESE 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.2 1.8 1.8 1.8  
:NORTH FORK SOLOMON  
GLADE 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.3  
:BOW CREEK  
STOCKTON 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.4 2.9  
:PLATTE RIVER  
COZAD 1.7 1.3 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5  
OVERTON 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.0 2.6 2.6 2.6  
KEARNEY 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.0 1.3 1.2 1.2  
GRAND ISLAND 4.1 4.1 4.0 3.8 3.2 3.1 3.1  
:WOOD RIVER  
GIBBON 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0  
ALDA 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3  
:SOUTH LOUP RIVER  
RAVENNA 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.5  
:MUD CREEK  
SWEETWATER 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.4  
:SOUTH LOUP RIVER  
SAINT MICHAEL 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.3  
:MIDDLE LOUP RIVER  
SAINT PAUL 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1  
:NORTH LOUP RIVER  
SAINT PAUL 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8  
:CEDAR RIVER  
FULLERTON 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.0 2.8 2.7 2.6  
:LOUP RIVER  
GENOA 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6  
:BEAVER CREEK  
GENOA 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.4  
:REPUBLICAN RIVER  
RIVERTON 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5  
GUIDE ROCK 2.6 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3  
HARDY 1.9 1.8 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0  
:SOUTH FORK SOLOMON RIVER  
WOODSTON 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2  
:SOUTH FORK SOLOMON  
OSBORNE 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8  
:NORTH FORK SOLOMON  
PORTIS 4.1 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0  
:SOLOMON RIVER  
BELOIT 3.4 3.4 3.2 3.1 2.9 2.8 2.8  
:REPUBLICAN RIVER  
CAMBRIDGE 1.9 1.9 1.7 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4  
ORLEANS 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.0  
:BEAVER CREEK  
BEAVER CITY 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2  
:SAPPA CREEK  
BEAVER CITY 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8  
STAMFORD 6.5 6.4 6.3 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8  
:PRAIRIE DOG CREEK  
WOODRUFF 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2  
 
THESE LONG-RANGE PROBABILISTIC OUTLOOKS CONTAIN FORECAST VALUES THAT  
ARE CALCULATED USING MULTIPLE SEASON SCENARIOS FROM 30 OR MORE YEARS  
OF CLIMATOLOGICAL DATA...INCLUDING CURRENT CONDITIONS OF THE  
RIVER...SOIL MOISTURE...SNOW COVER...AND 30 TO 90 DAY LONG-RANGE  
OUTLOOKS OF TEMPERATURE AND PRECIPITATION. BY PROVIDING A RANGE OF  
PROBABILITIES...THE LEVEL OF RISK ASSOCIATED WITH LONG-RANGE PLANNING  
DECISIONS CAN BE DETERMINED. THESE PROBABILISTIC FORECASTS ARE PART  
OF THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE'S ADVANCED HYDROLOGIC PREDICTION  
SERVICE.  
 
   
..FUTURE OUTLOOKS
 
 
AN UPDATED SPRING FLOOD OUTLOOK WILL BE ISSUED THURSDAY, MARCH 1ST.  
 

 
 
VISIT OUR LOCAL NWS OFFICE WEBSITE FOR CURRENT WEATHER/HYDROLOGICAL  
AND CLIMATE INFORMATION FOR SOUTH CENTRAL NEBRASKA AND NORTH CENTRAL  
KANSAS AT: WWW.WEATHER.GOV/HASTINGS  
 
ADDITIONAL CLIMATE INFORMATION FOR THE REGION CAN BE OBTAINED AT:  
WWW.HPRCC.UNL.EDU  
 
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CLIMATOLOGICAL OUTLOOKS CAN BE FOUND AT:  
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV  
 
FURTHER INFORMATION ON DROUGHT CONDITIONS CAN BE OBTAINED AT:  
WWW.DROUGHT.GOV WWW.DROUGHT.UNL.EDU WWW.DROUGHTMONITOR.UNL.EDU  
 
INFORMATION ON MOUNTAIN SNOWPACK CAN BE FOUND AT:  
WWW.WCC.NRCS.USDA.GOV/FTPREF/DOWNLOADS/WSF/201802WSFWWW.PDF  
WWW.WCC.NRCS.USDA.GOV  
 
NWS AHPS PRECIPITATION ANALYSIS MAPS CAN BE FOUND AT:  
HTTP://WATER.WEATHER.GOV  
 
NATIONAL SNOW ANALYSIS PAGE CAN BE FOUND AT: WWW.NOHRSC.NOAA.GOV/NSA  
 
SOIL MOISTURE:  
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/SOILMST_MONITORING/US/SOILMST/SOILMST.  
SHTML  
 
RESERVOIR LEVELS: WWW.USBR.GOV/GP/HYDROMET/CURRES_GOOGLE.HTM  
 
FOR TRAINING ON NWS PROBABILISTIC GRAPHICS:  
WWW.YOUTUBE.COM/WATCH?V=PSOEGVSNPV4  
 
FOR TRAINING ON NWS RIVER FORECAST GRAPHICS:  
WWW.YOUTUBE.COM/WATCH?V=PSIBYJ8EZY0  
 

 
 
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