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PUBLIC INFORMATION STATEMENT  
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE BOSTON/NORTON MA  
1021 AM EDT MON JUN 1 2020  
 
...TODAY MARKS THE OFFICIAL START OF THE 2020 ATLANTIC HURRICANE  
SEASON...  
 
TODAY MARKS THE OFFICIAL START OF THE ATLANTIC HURRICANE SEASON,  
WHICH RUNS FROM JUNE 1ST THROUGH NOVEMBER 30TH. IN AN AVERAGE  
SEASON, BASED ON DATA FROM 1981 TO 2010, 12 NAMED TROPICAL  
CYCLONES SHOULD BE EXPECTED, WITH 6 OF THESE REACHING HURRICANE  
INTENSITY, AND 3 OF THESE HURRICANES BECOMING MAJOR HURRICANES.  
 
THE OFFICIAL NOAA 2020 ATLANTIC HURRICANE SEASON OUTLOOK  
INDICATES A 60 PERCENT PROBABILITY OF AN ABOVE NORMAL SEASON, A  
30 PERCENT PROBABILITY OF A NEAR NORMAL SEASON, AND A 10 PERCENT  
PROBABILITY OF A BELOW NORMAL SEASON. THIS OUTLOOK CALLS FOR  
13-19 NAMED STORMS, WHICH ALREADY INCLUDES TROPICAL STORM ARTHUR,  
WHICH OCCURRED MAY 16-19, AND TROPICAL STORM BERTHA, WHICH  
OCCURRED MAY 27-28. OF THESE NAMED STORMS, 6-10 COULD REACH  
HURRICANE INTENSITY, WITH 3-6 OF THESE TO BECOME MAJOR HURRICANES  
(CATEGORY 3 OR HIGHER).  
 
FOR ADDITIONAL DETAILS ON THE NOAA 2020 HURRICANE OUTLOOK PLEASE  
VISIT:  
 
HTTP://WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/OUTLOOKS/HURRICANE.SHTML  
 
THE NAMES TO BE USED FOR THE 2020 SEASON WILL BE:  
 
NAME PRONUNCIATION NAME PRONUNCIATION  
------------------------------------------------------------  
 
ARTHUR AR-THUR LAURA LOOR-RUH  
BERTHA BUR-THUH MARCO MAR-KOE  
CHRISTOBAL KREES-TOH-BAHL NANA NA-NA  
DOLLY DAH-LEE OMAR OH-MAR  
EDOUARD EH-DWARD PAULETTE PAWL-LET  
FAY FAY RENE RE-NAY  
GONZALO GOHN-SAH-LOH SALLY SAL-EE  
HANNA HAN-UH TEDDY TEHD-EE  
ISAIAS EES-AH-EE-AHS VICKY VIH-KEE  
JOSEPHINE JOH-SEH-FEEN WILFRED WILL-FRED  
KYLE KY-ULL  
 
AN ONGOING TROPICAL REANALYSIS PROJECT CONTINUES FOR THE  
ATLANTIC BASIN. THE GOAL IS TO REEXAMINE ALL RECORDS USING  
MODERN UNDERSTANDING OF TROPICAL CYCLONES. THIS PROJECT HAS  
COMPLETED ITS WORK THROUGH THE 1960 SEASON. IT IS EXPECTED TO BE  
SEVERAL MORE YEARS BEFORE THIS PROJECT REACHES ITS END. MORE  
INFORMATION ABOUT THIS PROJECT CAN BE FOUND AT  
HTTP://WWW.AOML.NOAA.GOV/HRD/DATA_SUB/RE_ANAL.HTM  
 
THIS MEANS THE STATISTICS ABOUT TROPICAL CYCLONES AND SOUTHERN  
NEW ENGLAND WILL LIKELY BE CHANGING OVER THE NEXT FEW YEARS.  
 
TROPICAL CYCLONES ARE CERTAINLY NO STRANGERS TO SOUTHERN NEW  
ENGLAND. SOME BROUGHT JUST LIGHT AMOUNTS OF RAIN AND WIND,  
WHILE OTHERS HAVE BROUGHT TORRENTIAL RAINS AND FLASH  
FLOODING, DEVASTATING STORM SURGES AND DESTRUCTIVE WINDS.  
 
IN 2014, HURRICANE ARTHUR PASSED BY TO OUR EAST AROUND THE  
INDEPENDENCE DAY HOLIDAY. WHILE THE STRONGEST WINDS REMAINED  
OFFSHORE, MUCH OF EASTERN MASSACHUSETTS AND PORTIONS OF RHODE  
ISLAND RECEIVED SEVERAL INCHES OF RAIN. THIS LED TO MANY AREAS  
OF FRESHWATER FLOODING.  
 
THE MOST RECENT, WHOLLY TROPICAL STORM WHICH MADE A DIRECT  
HIT, WAS IRENE IN 2011. IRENE BROUGHT DAMAGING WINDS TO  
PORTIONS OF EASTERN MASSACHUSETTS AND RHODE ISLAND AND  
DEVASTATING RAINFALL AND FLOODING TO PORTIONS OF CONNECTICUT,  
WESTERN MASSACHUSETTS AND SOUTHWEST NEW HAMPSHIRE INTO SOUTHERN  
VERMONT. ALL TOLD, IRENE CAUSED NEARLY 16 BILLION DOLLARS IN  
DAMAGE AS WELL AS 49 DIRECT DEATHS, 41 OR WHICH OCCURRED IN THE  
UNITED STATES. MOST OF THESE DEATHS RESULTED FROM RAINFALL-  
INDUCED FLOODS. TROPICAL CYCLONES ARE NOT JUST A RISK FOR THOSE  
LIVING CLOSE TO THE COAST.  
 
THIS WAS FURTHER EMPHASIZED BY SUPERSTORM SANDY IN LATE OCTOBER  
2012. WHILE SOUTHERN NEW ENGLAND WAS SPARED FROM MOST OF SANDY'S  
POWER, PORTIONS OF THE SOUTH COAST STILL SAW SIGNIFICANT DAMAGE  
DUE TO COASTAL FLOODING. IN SOME COMMUNITIES, ENTIRE DUNE  
SYSTEMS WERE DESTROYED. NOT ONLY DID THESE DUNES NOT PROTECT  
SOME PROPERTIES AT THE TIME, THESE PROPERTIES WILL REMAIN MORE  
VULNERABLE TO FUTURE COASTAL FLOODING UNTIL THEY CAN BE REPAIRED.  
THIS PROVES THE POINT THAT A POWERFUL TROPICAL CYCLONE CAN STILL  
BE A THREAT, EVEN IF IT IS NO LONGER A TRUE TROPICAL CYCLONE.  
 
FOR SOUTHERN NEW ENGLAND, THIS SEASON MARKS THE 66TH ANNIVERSARY  
OF ONE OF THE MOST DESTRUCTIVE HURRICANE SEASONS IN OUR HISTORY,  
THE SUMMER OF 1954. THE 1954 SEASON BROUGHT NEW ENGLAND MAJOR  
HURRICANE CAROL, AND HURRICANE EDNA. THESE POWERFUL HURRICANES  
STRUCK JUST 11 DAYS APART, WITH CAROL ARRIVING ON AUGUST 31ST,  
FOLLOWED BY EDNA ON SEPTEMBER 11TH. THESE TWO STORMS COMBINED TO  
PRODUCE MILLIONS OF DOLLARS WORTH OF DAMAGE TO HOMES, BUSINESSES  
AND THE BOATING INDUSTRY, AS WELL AS CLAIMING DOZENS OF LIVES  
DUE TO STORM SURGE AND RIVER-RELATED FLOODING.  
 
HURRICANE CAROL WAS THE LAST MAJOR HURRICANE TO HAVE STRUCK OUR  
REGION. AS THE 2020 SEASON BEGINS, NOW IS AN EXCELLENT TIME TO  
BEGIN YOUR OWN PREPARATIONS. YOUR NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE WOULD  
LIKE TO SUGGEST THESE HELPFUL MEASURES. TAKING A FEW MOMENTS NOW  
WILL SAVE MUCH NEEDED TIME SHOULD A TROPICAL STORM OR HURRICANE  
TAKE AIM AT SOUTHERN NEW ENGLAND LATER THIS SEASON.  
 
THIS YEAR ALSO MARKS THE 82ND ANNIVERSARY OF ARGUABLY THE MOST  
DESTRUCTIVE HURRICANE IN OUR HISTORY, THE HURRICANE OF 1938.  
THIS HURRICANE MADE LANDFALL ACROSS CENTRAL LONG ISLAND NY AND  
CENTRAL CONNECTICUT. THIS STORM DOWNED AN ESTIMATED 2 BILLION  
TREES IN NEW YORK AND NEW ENGLAND ALONE. APPROXIMATELY 600  
PEOPLE LOST THEIR LIVES. MANY AREAS WITHIN SOUTHERN NEW ENGLAND  
WENT WEEKS WITHOUT POWER. COASTAL AREAS WERE ESPECIALLY  
DEVASTATED FROM THE TREMENDOUS STORM SURGE. THIS PARTICULAR  
HURRICANE SHOULD SERVE AS A REMINDER TO ALL THAT ALTHOUGH STORMS  
OF THIS MAGNITUDE ARE RARE, THEY CAN STILL HAPPEN AND MUST BE  
PLANNED FOR.  
 
TO THAT END, HERE ARE SOME SUGGESTED ACTIONS YOU CAN TAKE TO  
BEGIN YOUR PREPARATIONS FOR THE NEXT HURRICANE TODAY. BY  
STARTING NOW, IT BECOMES POSSIBLE TO DEVELOP YOUR PLANS MORE  
COMPLETELY AND SHARE THEM WITH YOUR FAMILY. IT ALSO PERMITS YOU  
TO SPREAD OUT ANY PURCHASES OF SUPPLIES YOU MAY NEED TO MAKE  
WHILE THEY ARE MORE PLENTIFUL AND TIME IS NOT AS CRUCIAL.  
 
COASTAL RESIDENTS:  
 
- NEVER PLAN YOUR ACTIONS ON THE ANTICIPATED TIME OF LANDFALL.  
TYPICALLY IN SOUTHERN NEW ENGLAND, HEAVY RAINS AND WINDS TO  
TROPICAL STORM FORCE WILL MAKE ANY TRAVEL OR OUTDOOR  
PREPARATION WORK DANGEROUS AS MUCH AS 15 HOURS IN ADVANCE OF  
THE EYE OF THE STORM.  
 
- REMEMBER THAT MOST TROPICAL SYSTEMS APPROACHING OUR REGION  
WILL ACCELERATE DRAMATICALLY. THIS WILL GREATLY REDUCE THE  
TIME YOU HAVE TO PREPARE. BUILD EXTRA TIME INTO YOUR PLAN OF  
ACTION.  
 
- NEVER STEP OUTSIDE DURING THE PASSAGE OF THE EYE. THE OFTEN  
CALM CONDITIONS WILL BE RAPIDLY REPLACED BY A DRAMATIC SHIFT  
IN WIND DIRECTION AND A RETURN TO STRONGER WINDS.  
 
- KNOW YOUR EVACUATION ROUTES AND THE PROPER SHELTERS FOR YOUR  
AREA. CHECK WITH YOUR LOCAL TOWN HALL TO SEE IF YOU ARE IN AN  
EVACUATION ZONE.  
 
- MOST SHELTERS WILL NOT ALLOW PETS. MAKE ARRANGEMENTS AHEAD OF  
TIME FOR A PLACE FOR YOUR PETS TO STAY. SOME ANIMAL HOSPITALS  
OFFER TO KEEP PETS UNTIL YOU ARE ABLE TO RETURN HOME.  
 
- KNOW WHERE YOUR GAS AND WATER SHUTOFFS ARE. IT IS ESSENTIAL  
THAT YOU TURN OFF BOTH YOUR GAS AND WATER BEFORE YOU LEAVE  
YOUR HOME.  
 
- IF YOU CHOOSE NOT TO HEAD TO A SHELTER, MAKE ARRANGEMENTS NOW  
WITH RELATIVES OR FRIENDS IF YOU WISH TO STAY WITH THEM SHOULD  
YOU NEED TO EVACUATE.  
 
THE MARINE COMMUNITY:  
 
- INSPECT YOUR LINES AT THE START OF THE SEASON. IF YOU ARE  
ANCHORED IN A MOORING FIELD, INSPECT THE CHAIN BETWEEN YOUR  
PENNANT AND THE MOORING. SALT WATER BEGINS TO CORRODE THESE  
CHAINS AFTER JUST 2 SEASONS IN THE WATER. BUT THIS IS OFTEN  
UNSEEN BY THE BOAT OWNER.  
 
- BOAT OWNERS SHOULD HAVE ALL THE NECESSARY GEAR ON BOARD TO  
PROPERLY TIE DOWN THEIR VESSEL. YOU WILL LOSE PRECIOUS TIME  
IF YOU HAVE TO RUSH AROUND SEARCHING FOR GEAR WHEN A STORM IS  
APPROACHING.  
 
- REALIZE THAT YOU MAY NOT BE ABLE TO PULL YOUR BOAT OUT OF THE  
WATER BEFORE A STORM THREATENS. YOUR ONLY ALTERNATIVE WILL BE  
TO TIE THE VESSEL DOWN.  
 
- HAVE A PLAN WORKED OUT WITH THE MARINA OPERATOR SO THERE ARE  
NO QUESTIONS OR ANY CONFUSION WHEN THE TIME COMES TO TIE UP OR  
PULL THE BOAT OUT OF THE WATER.  
 
- BE SURE TO TAKE PICTURES AND MAKE A WRITTEN DESCRIPTION OF THE  
VESSEL, SO THAT THIS MAY BE USED AFTER THE STORM PASSES FOR  
INSURANCE PURPOSES.  
 
- ENSURE THAT YOUR VESSEL IS AS WATERTIGHT AS POSSIBLE.  
 
- WHEN YOU ARE THROUGH, HELP YOUR NEIGHBOR. IT ONLY TAKES ONE  
POORLY TIED BOAT IN A MARINA TO DESTROY THE ENTIRE DOCK.  
 
INLAND RESIDENTS:  
 
- BE SURE TO HAVE PLENTY OF BATTERIES ON HAND FOR FLASHLIGHTS,  
AM/FM RADIOS, AND YOUR NOAA ALL-HAZARDS WEATHER RADIO. MORE  
OFTEN THAN NOT, POWER WILL BE DISRUPTED DURING THE STORM AND  
MAY BE DISRUPTED FOR SEVERAL DAYS.  
 
- BE SURE TO HAVE CANNED FOOD AND OTHER ITEMS ON HAND THAT DO  
NOT NEED REFRIGERATION. AS STATED ABOVE, IT IS ALMOST A  
CERTAINTY THAT ELECTRICAL AND TELEPHONE SYSTEMS WILL BE  
DISRUPTED IF A HURRICANE STRIKES OUR REGION.  
 
- IF YOU OWN A PORTABLE GENERATOR, BE SURE IT IS PROPERLY  
HOOKED INTO THE POWER SUPPLY. IF IT IS NOT PROPERLY  
INSTALLED, IT MAY DO DAMAGE TO THE MAIN POWER SUPPLY OR  
WORKERS TRYING TO RESTORE POWER TO YOUR NEIGHBORHOOD.  
 
- STORE PLYWOOD AND PLENTY OF NAILS SO THAT YOU CAN QUICKLY  
BOARD UP WINDOWS ON OPEN-FACING SIDES OF YOUR HOME. DO NOT  
TAPE WINDOWS, IT WILL NOT HELP.  
 
- THOSE LIVING ALONG FLOOD-PRONE RIVERS AND STREAMS SHOULD BE  
READY TO HEAD TO HIGHER GROUND SHOULD FLOODING OCCUR.  
 
- IN CASE OF THE UNLIKELY EVENT THAT YOU MUST EVACUATE, KNOW  
WHERE YOUR NEAREST STORM SHELTER IS LOCATED, AND THE QUICKEST  
ROUTE TO IT.  
 
FOLLOWING THESE SIMPLE STEPS WILL HELP MAKE WHAT CAN BE A VERY  
STRESSFUL AND DIFFICULT TIME GO A BIT MORE SMOOTHLY.  
 

 
 
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WWW.WEATHER.GOV/BOSTON  
 
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WWW.FACEBOOK.COM/US.NATIONALWEATHERSERVICE.BOSTON.GOV  
 
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@NWSBOSTON  
 
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