416  
FXUS63 KPAH 090008  
AFDPAH  
 
AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION  
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE PADUCAH KY  
608 PM CST THU DEC 8 2022  
   
SHORT TERM
 
(TONIGHT THROUGH SATURDAY NIGHT)  
ISSUED AT 238 PM CST THU DEC 8 2022  
 
THE WET PATTERN WILL CONTINUE THROUGH SATURDAY NIGHT.  
 
LIGHT RAIN REMAINS OVER MAINLY SOUTHERN ILLINOIS LATE THIS  
AFTERNOON AND IT IS EXPECTED TO LIFT NORTHEAST AND DISSIPATE  
THROUGH 00Z. IN ITS WAKE, VERY LOW OVERCAST CONDITIONS ARE  
EXPECTED TO PERSIST THROUGHOUT THE REGION THROUGH FRIDAY MORNING.  
AT THIS POINT, GUIDANCE IS NOT ADVERTISING DENSE FOG, BUT THE LOW  
CEILINGS COULD LOWER TO THE GROUND RESULTING IN A SIGNIFICANT  
REDUCTION IN VISIBILITY TONIGHT AND FRIDAY MORNING. WE HAVE SOME  
PATCHY FOG MENTIONED FOR NOW, AND WILL KEEP AN EYE ON THE  
SITUATION.  
 
A COMPACT STORM SYSTEM AND ASSOCIATED WEAK SURFACE TROUGH WILL  
MOVE EASTWARD FROM THE PLAINS INTO THE UPPER MISSISSIPPI VALLEY  
TONIGHT. GUIDANCE HAS TRENDED A BIT WETTER WITH THE SYSTEM AND  
SOME LIGHT RAIN WILL BE POSSIBLE ACROSS THE NORTHERN HALF OF THE  
REGION LATE TONIGHT INTO EARLY FRIDAY. MEASURABLE RAINFALL WILL BE  
MOST LIKELY TO THE NORTH OF I-64 IN SOUTHERN ILLINOIS. WE MAINTAIN  
A SLIGHT CHANCE OF RAIN NEAR THE TENNESSEE BORDER TONIGHT AS WELL,  
BUT MOST OF THE 12Z GUIDANCE HAS SHIFTED FARTHER SOUTH WITH THIS  
AREA OF PRECIPITATION, AND OUR SOUTHERN AREAS SHOULD STAY DRY.  
 
THE NEXT IN THE SEEMINGLY NEVER-ENDING SERIES OF DISTURBANCES WILL  
SPREAD RAIN EASTWARD INTO SOUTHEAST MISSOURI LATE FRIDAY NIGHT AND  
THEN ACROSS THE REMAINDER OF THE AREA SATURDAY MORNING. GUIDANCE  
INDICATES THAT THE HEAVIEST RAINS, AROUND ONE HALF INCH, WILL BE  
OVER SOUTHEAST MISSOURI, WITH LESSER AMOUNTS EXPECTED NORTH AND  
EAST ACROSS THE REGION. THE RAIN SHOULD COME TO AN END IN THE  
AFTERNOON, BUT COULD HANG UP INTO SATURDAY EVENING OVER THE  
SOUTHEAST CORNER OF THE FORECAST AREA.  
 
AS FOR TEMPERATURES, GIVEN THE RELATIVELY SMALL DIURNAL RANGES  
EXPECTED, THE NBM GUIDANCE WAS FOLLOWED CLOSELY. HIGHS AND LOWS  
WILL REMAIN ABOVE NORMAL AND MOST IMPORTANTLY WELL ABOVE  
FREEZING THROUGH THE ENTIRE PERIOD.  
   
LONG TERM
 
(SUNDAY THROUGH THURSDAY)  
ISSUED AT 238 PM CST THU DEC 8 2022  
 
THE MAIN FOCUS IS TUESDAY INTO TUESDAY NIGHT AS PERIODS OF RAIN AND  
EMBEDDED THUNDERSTORMS ARE LIKELY WITH A STRONG STORM SYSTEM.  
CONFIDENCE REMAINS HIGH IN THE HEAVY RAIN AND GUSTY WIND POTENTIAL  
AND LOW FOR SEVERE WEATHER.  
 
1. AT LEAST 0.50-1.50" OF RAIN IS LIKELY WITH THE POTENTIAL FOR  
AMOUNTS TO EXCEED 2.00" OF RAIN LOCALLY.  
 
2. WIND GUSTS BETWEEN 25-35 MPH ARE LIKELY FROM LATE TUESDAY AFTERNOON  
INTO TUESDAY NIGHT.  
 
3. POTENTIAL FOR A FEW SEVERE STORMS REMAINS A CLOSE CALL, ESPECIALLY  
FOR SEMO WITH THE BETTER RISK STILL FAVORED SOUTH OF OUR FORECAST  
AREA.  
 
TECHNICAL DISCUSSION:  
 
A MID TO UPPER LEVEL RIDGE OVER THE CENTRAL CONUS AND SFC HIGH  
PRESSURE WAY UP NORTH IN NUNAVUT WILL BUILD INTO THE FA ON SUNDAY  
AND MONDAY ALLOWING FOR DRY AND TRANQUIL CONDITIONS. THE  
DETERMINISTIC 12Z GFS IS A BIT OPTIMISTIC COMPARED TO THE 12Z NAM  
ON SUNDAY IN SEEING BREAKS OF SUN LATE AFTERNOON. GIVEN HOW LIGHT  
WINDS ARE AT THE SFC AND LACK OF MIXING, WOULD LEAN MORE TOWARDS  
RESIDUAL LOW LEVEL MOISTURE BELOW 900 MB REMAINING IN PLACE FOR  
MOST OF THE DAY WITH MOSTLY CLOUDY CONDITIONS WHILE MONDAY WILL  
HAVE A BETTER CHANCE AT SOME BREAKS OF SUN. HIGH TEMPS WILL RANGE  
FROM THE UPPER 40S TO LOWER 50S. LOWS SUNDAY NIGHT WILL FALL INTO  
THE MID TO UPPER 30S WHILE MONDAY NIGHT WILL BE A BIT WARMER IN  
THE UPPER 30S TO LOWER 40S.  
 
THE SYNOPTIC PICTURE ON TUESDAY QUICKLY BECOMES QUITE ACTIVE AS THE  
RIDGE AXIS ASSOCIATED WITH AN OMEGA PATTERN BEGINS TO SHIFT EAST OF  
THE FA. A CLOSED LOW IN THE MID TO UPPER LEVELS EJECTS INTO THE  
CENTRAL PLAINS WITH ANOTHER CLOSED LOW LOCATED OVER NEW BRUNSWICK  
AND NOVA SCOTIA. THIS WILL CAUSE A MOIST AIRMASS TO ADVECT INTO THE  
FA WITH A DEEPENING CYCLONE OUT WEST AS PERIODS OF RAIN AND  
EMBEDDED CONVECTION WILL BE LIKELY TUESDAY INTO TUESDAY NIGHT. THE  
NBM MAY STILL BE A BIT TOO QUICK IN BRINGING POPS INTO THE FA  
EARLY ON TUESDAY AS 12Z DETERMINISTIC MODELS ARE A LITTLE SLOWER  
COMPARED TO YESTERDAY. HIGH TEMPS WILL BE MILDER IN THE UPPER 50S  
TO NEAR 60F WITH LOWS FALLING INTO THE MID TO UPPER 40S.  
 
WITH THAT SAID, THE HIGHEST CONFIDENCE REMAINS IN THE HEAVY RAIN AND  
SYNOPTIC WIND POTENTIAL WHILE CONFIDENCE REMAINS LOW IN THE SEVERE  
WEATHER POTENTIAL:  
 
1. THE WPC QPF IS A BIT LOWER COMPARED TO THE PREVIOUS FORECAST  
PACKAGE WITH 1.50-2.50" PROGGED ACROSS THE CWA. THIS IS STILL  
LEANING MORE TOWARDS THE WETTER GEFS SOLUTION AS THE ECMWF/CMC  
ENSEMBLES LEAN MORE TOWARDS 0.50-1.50" OF RAIN. REGARDLESS, A  
SOAKING RAINFALL SEEMS LIKELY WITH THIS SYSTEM AS NAEFS ESAT'S NOW  
SHOW PWAT'S RISING ABOVE 1.25" INTO THE 97TH PERCENTILE AS THE WPC  
ENSEMBLE CLUSTER STILL INDICATES SOME UNCERTAINTY WITH WHERE THE  
AXIS OF THE HEAVIEST RAINFALL WILL SETUP.  
 
2. NBM NOW HAS WIND GUSTS BETWEEN 25-35 MPH PROGGED FOR LATE  
TUESDAY AFTERNOON INTO TUESDAY NIGHT AS THE PRESSURE GRADIENT  
TIGHTENS AHEAD OF A COLD FRONT. AS A LLJ RAMPS UP TUESDAY EVENING  
WITH WINDS AT 925 MB AROUND 40 KTS, WE MAY COME CLOSE TO WIND  
ADVISORY CRITERIA IF WE ARE ABLE TO OVERCOME A LOW LEVEL INVERSION  
SOONER THAN WHAT IS PROGGED BY THE LATEST FORECAST SOUNDINGS.  
 
3. SPC'S DAY 6 OUTLOOK HAS OUR SW COUNTIES IN SEMO IN A 15% RISK FOR  
SEVERE WEATHER. IT WILL LIKELY BE ANOTHER CLOSE CALL FOR OUR FA IF  
THERE WILL BE ENOUGH INSTABILITY AND MOISTURE TO SUPPORT A FEW  
SEVERE STORMS IN A HIGHLY SHEARED ENVIRONMENT. COMPARED TO  
YESTERDAY, THE 12Z GFS/ECMWF ARE LESS FAVORABLE AS DEWPOINTS  
STRUGGLE TO REACH 60F TUESDAY NIGHT WITH THE BETTER CAPE STILL  
FOCUSED OVER THE ARKLATEX REGION. FORECAST SOUNDINGS ARE ALSO  
EXTREMELY SATURATED FROM THE SFC-200 MB WHICH USUALLY FAVORS HEAVY  
RAIN BEING MORE OF A CONCERN VERSUS SEVERE WEATHER.  
 
TO END THE FORECAST PERIOD, RAIN CHANCES REMAIN POSSIBLE UNTIL AT  
LEAST WEDNESDAY AFTERNOON AS FROPA WILL BE SLOW TO OCCUR WITH THE  
COLD FRONT. CAA INCREASES BEHIND THE FRONT WEDNESDAY NIGHT INTO  
THURSDAY CAUSING 850 MB TEMPS TO PLUMMET BELOW 0C. DRY CONDITIONS  
CAN ALSO BE EXPECTED AS A VERTICALLY STACKED LOW SLOWLY DRIFTS INTO  
THE GREAT LAKES REGION WITH STRONG CYCLONIC FLOW. HIGH TEMPS ON  
WEDNESDAY WILL BE IN THE MID TO UPPER 50S WHILE THURSDAY WILL BE  
COOLER WITH HIGHS IN THE LOW TO MID 40S. WITH LOWS NEARING FREEZING  
WEDNESDAY NIGHT, WILL NEED TO MONITOR THE TIMING OF FROPA IN THE  
COMING DAYS AS GROUNDS WILL BE EXTREMELY SATURATED.  
 

 
   
AVIATION
 
 
ISSUED AT 605 PM CST THU DEC 8 2022  
 
LOW-LEVEL MOISTURE IN PLACE ACROSS EACH OF THE TAF SITES WILL  
LIKELY KEEP IFR OR LIFR CONDITIONS THROUGH MUCH OF THE NIGHT. THE  
FORECAST IS A BIT CHALLENGING WITH HOW LOW VISIBILITIES MAY DROP.  
THERE ARE INDICATIONS THAT DENSE FOG MAY DEVELOP LATER THIS  
EVENING AND ESPECIALLY OVERNIGHT; HOWEVER, IT IS POSSIBLE THAT  
THERE IS JUST ENOUGH MIXING TO KEEP THIS AS A VERY LOW STRATUS  
LAYER. DID INCLUDE THE LOWER VISIBILITY AS A TEMPO GROUP, BUT MOST  
CONFIDENT IN MAINTAINING THE LOW CEILINGS AT 500FT OR LOWER. SOME  
IMPROVEMENT CAN BE EXPECTED BY LATE MORNING OR EARLY AFTERNOON ON  
FRIDAY.  
 

 
   
PAH WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES
 
 
IL...NONE.  
MO...NONE.  
IN...NONE.  
KY...NONE.  

 
 

 
 
SHORT TERM...DRS  
LONG TERM...DW  
AVIATION...KC  
 
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