922  
FXUS64 KBMX 261152  
AFDBMX  
 
AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION  
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE BIRMINGHAM AL  
652 AM CDT WED SEP 26 2018  
   
UPDATE
 
 
FOR 12Z AVIATION AND ADDED FLASH FLOOD WATCH  
 

 
   
SHORT TERM
 
 
TODAY THROUGH THURSDAY.  
 
TODAY IS LOOKING RATHER WET FOR CENTRAL ALABAMA AS AN APPROACHING  
FRONTAL BOUNDARY WILL MOVE INTO THE AREA FROM THE NORTHWEST BY  
THE EVENING HOURS. THIS WILL PROVIDE THE NECESSARY LIFT FOR RAIN  
AND THUNDERSTORMS TO BEGIN TO ENVELOP THE REGION THIS MORNING.  
OVERNIGHT OBSERVATIONS SHOWED ISOLATED SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS  
DEVELOPING AHEAD OF THIS FEATURE AS 20-25KT, 850MB WINDS  
TRANSPORTED GULF MOISTURE THROUGH SOUTHWESTERLY FLOW. OUR 00Z  
SOUNDING YESTERDAY EVENING DISPLAYED A PW OF 1.81", THOUGH THIS IS  
EXPECTED TO INCREASE THROUGHOUT THE DAY TO ~2.1" AS HIGHER  
MOISTURE CONTENT POOLS AHEAD OF THE FRONT AND IS SUGGESTED BY  
2.26" PWS MEASURED TO OUR SOUTHWEST AT THE NEW ORLEANS WFO.  
 
WITH MID/UPPER-LEVEL RIDGING REMAINING STUBBORNLY IN PLACE OFF THE  
EAST COAST, UPPER-LEVEL TROUGHING WILL STRUGGLE TO ADVANCE SOUTHWARD  
THIS GO AROUND. THUS, THIS ASSOCIATED FRONTAL BOUNDARY WILL ALSO  
STRUGGLE TO ADVANCE MUCH FARTHER SOUTH AS IT ENTERS OUR AREA. IT IS  
LIKELY TO STALL OUT AROUND THE I-20/I-59 CORRIDOR INTO TONIGHT.  
GIVEN THE ORIENTATION OF THE FRONT AND THE PARALLEL WINDS ALOFT, LOW-  
LEVEL CONFLUENCE ALONG AN AXIS OF DEEP LAYER MOISTURE WILL BRING  
REPEATED CHANCES OF HEAVY RAIN WITH EMBEDDED THUNDERSTORMS AND  
SHOULD PERSIST THROUGH THE NEXT 24-36 HOURS. ISOLATED FLASH FLOODING  
IS POSSIBLE IN AREAS ALONG AND NORTH OF THE STALLING FRONTAL  
BOUNDARY TODAY WITH MOST FORECAST INDICATIONS SUPPORTING UPWARDS OF  
2-3" OF RAINFALL, WITH LOCALLY HIGHER AMOUNTS POSSIBLE.  
 
HAVE PLACED 80-90% POPS IN FORECAST GRIDS AS FAR SOUTHEAST AS THE I-  
59 CORRIDOR BY THIS EVENING. THIS PARTICULAR AREA WILL LIKELY SEE  
THE WARMEST TEMPERATURES AND BEST CHANCES FOR AFTERNOON  
DESTABILIZATION, THOUGH CAN ALSO EXTEND FARTHER NORTHWESTWARD AHEAD  
OF THE FRONT AS WELL. HERE, SBCAPE VALUES COULD REACH THE 1,500-  
2,000 J/KG RANGE, ALLOWING PLENTY OF BUOYANCY FOR THUNDERSTORMS TO  
INGEST. ALTHOUGH NO SEVERE WEATHER IS EXPECTED TODAY WITH LOW WIND  
SHEAR/WEAK FLOW ALOFT, AS WELL AS LOW MID-LEVEL LAPSE RATES, NOT  
RULING OUT SOME STRONGER THUNDERSTORMS IN THE AFTERNOON AS MULTICELL  
CLUSTERS DEVELOP AND PRESENT SOME GUSTY DOWNDRAFTS/OUTFLOW. OUR  
FOCUS TODAY WILL BE MONITORING THE DEVELOPING THUNDERSTORMS FOR  
HEAVY RAIN AND POTENTIAL FLASH FLOODING. GENERALLY EXPECT OVERALL  
INTENSITIES/COVERAGE TO DECREASE AFTER SUNSET BUT ATMOSPHERIC  
PARAMETERS SUGGEST ACTIVITY TO CONTINUE OVERNIGHT.  
 
40/SIZEMORE  
   
LONG TERM
 
 
FRIDAY THROUGH WEDNESDAY.  
 
BY FRIDAY WHAT IS LEFT OF THE FRONT WILL CONTINUE TO HANG AROUND  
THE I-59 CORRIDOR. A SLIGHT PUSH TO THE SOUTH MAY OCCUR BEFORE A  
SURGE OF GULF MOISTURE WILL BEGIN TO LIFT NORTHWARD. THIS WILL  
INCREASE RAIN CHANCES ACROSS THE SOUTH DURING DAY. WE WILL NEED  
TO WATCH SOME OF THE RAINFALL TOTALS ON THURSDAY AND FRIDAY, BUT  
DID NOT INCLUDE IN THE HWO FOR NOW AS IT REALLY DEPENDS ON EXACTLY  
WHERE THE HEAVIEST RAINS OCCUR TODAY.  
 
AS WE WORK INTO THE WEEKEND THE MAIN CONCENTRATION OF RAIN WILL  
BE ALONG THE NEXT FRONT AS IT TRIES TO SLIDE SOUTH TOWARD THE  
AREA. HOWEVER, GIVEN THE FACT THAT IT IS GOING TO HAVE TO PUSH  
SOUTH, VERSUS SOUTHEAST, DOES NOT GIVE MUCH HOPE IN IT MAKING IT  
THROUGH THE AREA AS WELL. IN ADDITION AN AREA OF HIGH PRESSURE  
WILL BE SLIDING IN FROM THE EAST. AT THIS TIME IT APPEARS THAT IT  
WILL STALL JUST TO OUR NORTH AND THEN BEGIN TO LIFT ON SUNDAY AS  
A WARM FRONT BACK INTO THE OHIO VALLEY REGION BY MONDAY. RAIN  
CHANCES WILL REMAIN IN THE FORECAST THROUGH THE FIRST OF NEXT  
WEEK, BUT LOOKING AT GENERALLY JUST SCATTERED ACTIVITY AND  
GENERALLY DURING THE PEAK HEATING THE AFTERNOON AND EARLY EVENING.  
TEMPERATURES WILL ONCE AGAIN RETURN BACK INTO THE UPPER 80S TO  
LOWER 90S FOR THE END OF SEPTEMBER.  
 
16  
 

 
   
AVIATION
 
 
12Z TAF DISCUSSION.  
 
CURRENTLY THE COLD FRONT IS IN NORTHEASTERN MISSISSIPPI AND WILL  
BE ENTERING THE NORTHWESTERN PORTIONS OF CENTRAL ALABAMA THIS  
MORNING. OUT AHEAD OF THE FRONT LOW CLOUDS HAVE SETTLED IN ACROSS  
MUCH OF THE AREA. MODELS HAVE BEEN PRETTY GOOD WITH THE TIMING AND  
INITIALIZATION THIS MORNING, SO CONFIDENCE IN OVERALL TIMING HAS  
INCREASED. THERE'S ALSO HIGH CONFIDENCE IN WIDESPREAD RAIN  
SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS APPROACHING FROM THE NORTHWEST AHEAD OF  
A FRONTAL BOUNDARY AS WE HEAD THROUGH THE MORNING HOURS. HAVE  
GENERALLY PUT BEST EXPECTATIONS FOR TIMING FOR EACH TERMINAL WITH  
BHM/EET/TCL SEEING DETERIORATING CONDITIONS FIRST. MGM/TOI WILL  
EXPERIENCE MORE SCATTERED CONVECTION DURING THE DAY WITH A LATER  
TRANSITION TO WIDESPREAD STORMS TOWARDS 21Z AND AFTER. OVERALL,  
MVFR CEILINGS AND VISIBILITIES THROUGHOUT THE DAY AT ALL TERMINALS  
CAN BE EXPECTED. ADJUSTMENTS WILL BE MADE ACCORDINGLY AS THE  
SYSTEM MOVES ACROSS THE REGION.  
 
16  
 

 
   
FIRE WEATHER
 
 
 
NUMEROUS TO EVEN WIDESPREAD RAINS AND STORMS ARE EXPECTED TODAY AND  
TONIGHT AS A FRONT TRIES TO MAKE IT INTO THE AREA. THE FRONT STALLS  
AND WILL KEEP SCATTER TO NUMEROUS SHOWERS/STORMS IN THE FORECAST  
THROUGH FRIDAY. RH VALUES WILL REMAIN HIGH DUE TO THIS ACTIVITY.  
CLOUD COVER SHOULD PROHIBIT FOG DEVELOPMENT, BUT LOW CLOUDS COULD  
CAUSE SOME DROPS IN VISIBILITY AND KEEP THE DISPERSION VALUES VERY  
LOW. ISOLATED TO SCATTERED SHOWERS/STORMS REMAIN POSSIBLE THROUGH  
THE WEEK, BUT CEILINGS SHOULD LIFT AND DISPERSIONS INCREASE.  
OTHERWISE, THERE ARE NO FIRE WEATHER CONCERNS AT THIS TIME.  
 

 
   
PRELIMINARY POINT TEMPS/POPS
 
 
GADSDEN 81 68 78 67 82 / 90 60 80 60 50  
ANNISTON 84 69 80 67 84 / 90 70 80 60 50  
BIRMINGHAM 82 69 80 67 84 / 90 60 80 60 50  
TUSCALOOSA 82 69 81 67 84 / 90 60 80 50 60  
CALERA 82 68 80 67 81 / 90 70 80 60 60  
AUBURN 85 70 83 69 84 / 80 60 70 50 50  
MONTGOMERY 87 72 84 68 85 / 80 70 80 50 60  
TROY 88 70 85 69 86 / 80 60 70 30 50  
 

 
   
BMX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES/
 
 
FLASH FLOOD WATCH THROUGH THURSDAY MORNING FOR THE FOLLOWING  
COUNTIES: BLOUNT...CHEROKEE...ETOWAH...FAYETTE...LAMAR...  
MARION...WALKER...WINSTON.  
 

 
 

 
 
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