946  
ACUS01 KWNS 131953  
SWODY1  
SPC AC 131951  
 
DAY 1 CONVECTIVE OUTLOOK  
NWS STORM PREDICTION CENTER NORMAN OK  
0251 PM CDT THU AUG 13 2020  
 
VALID 132000Z - 141200Z  
 
...THERE IS AN ENHANCED RISK OF SEVERE THUNDERSTORMS FROM SOUTHWEST  
NORTH DAKOTA INTO NORTHWEST MINNESOTA...  
 
...THERE IS A SLIGHT RISK OF SEVERE THUNDERSTORMS OVER PARTS OF THE  
NORTHERN PLAINS...AND A SMALL PART OF THE CENTRAL HIGH PLAINS...  
   
..SUMMARY
 
 
A COUPLE OF CLUSTERS OF ORGANIZED THUNDERSTORMS MAY DEVELOP ACROSS  
PARTS OF THE NORTHERN GREAT PLAINS LATE THIS AFTERNOON THROUGH  
TONIGHT, ACCOMPANIED BY A RISK FOR SEVERE WIND GUSTS AND HAIL. A FEW  
SEVERE HAIL STORMS ARE ALSO EXPECTED OVER PARTS OF THE CENTRAL HIGH  
PLAINS.  
   
..WESTERN NE INTO NORTHWEST KS
 
 
CHANGES FOR THIS UPDATE INCLUDE ADDING A SLIGHT RISK MAINLY FOR HAIL  
AS CELLS DEVELOP WITHIN A SMALL CORRIDOR FROM WEST-CENTRAL NE INTO  
NORTHWEST KS. CURRENT VISIBLE IMAGERY SHOWS STRONG CU DEVELOPMENT  
NEAR THE SURFACE TROUGH WHERE TEMPERATURES ARE IN THE 90S AND HAVE  
MINIMIZED CIN. THE AIR MASS FARTHER EAST IS MORE MOIST BUT CAPPED,  
BUT MODEST NORTHWEST WINDS ALOFT AND LIGHTLY VEERING WINDS WITH  
HEIGHT WILL SUPPORT A FEW SOUTHWARD-MOVING CELLS CAPABLE OF LARGE  
HAIL, THEN A FEW DAMAGING WIND GUSTS AS OUTFLOW INCREASES.  
   
..SOUTHEAST MT INTO ND
 
 
STRONG LIFT IS FORECAST AFTER 03Z NEAR THE NOSE OF THE UPPER JET  
OVER SOUTHWEST MT, WHICH WILL ALSO INDUCE INCREASING EASTERLY 850 MB  
WINDS WITH TIME AND THUS THETA-E ADVECTION. AN 850 MB LOW IS  
FORECAST TO BE OVER NORTHEAST WY AT THAT TIME, AND WILL DEEPEN INTO  
WESTERN SD OVERNIGHT. AS THE LOW-LEVEL JET INCREASES FURTHER,  
CONDITIONS WILL BECOME MORE SUPPORTIVE OF SUSTAINING INITIALLY  
ELEVATED BOWS CAPABLE OF HAIL AND THEN DAMAGING WIND GUSTS AS THEY  
GROW UPSCALE. THE WESTERN PART OF THE ENHANCED RISK WAS NUDGED A BIT  
FARTHER EAST TO ALIGN WITH FORECAST STRONGER INSTABILITY.  
 
..JEWELL.. 08/13/2020  
   
PREV DISCUSSION
 
/ISSUED 1130 AM CDT THU AUG 13 2020/  
   
..SYNOPSIS
 
 
A BELT OF STRONGER WESTERLIES ACROSS THE NORTHERN MID-LATITUDE  
PACIFIC IS TRENDING MORE ZONAL, BUT REMAINS AMPLIFIED DOWNSTREAM,  
NEAR AND NORTH OF THE CANADIAN/U.S. BORDER. THIS INCLUDES  
LARGE-SCALE MID-LEVEL TROUGHING INLAND OF THE BRITISH COLUMBIA AND  
PACIFIC NORTHWEST COAST THROUGH THE CANADIAN PRAIRIE PROVINCES AND  
ADJACENT PORTIONS OF THE U.S. GREAT PLAINS, AND DOWNSTREAM RIDGING  
ACROSS THE UPPER MIDWEST AND ADJACENT GREAT LAKES REGION INTO THE  
HUDSON BAY VICINITY.  
 
WITHIN THE LARGE-SCALE TROUGHING, A DEEP EMBEDDED MID-LEVEL LOW IS  
FORECAST SLOWLY SHIFT NORTHWARD INTO EASTERN PORTIONS OF THE  
CANADIAN NORTHWEST TERRITORIES DURING THIS PERIOD. AS THIS OCCURS,  
A SIGNIFICANT SHORT WAVE IMPULSE IS FORECAST TO DIG ACROSS AND EAST  
OF THE MONTANA ROCKIES BY LATE TONIGHT, AND THE WESTERLIES MAY  
GRADUALLY BEGIN TO SPLIT. THIS IS A SOURCE OF MODEL SPREAD AND THE  
ASSOCIATED INFLUENCE ON DOWNSTREAM FLOW REMAINS AT LEAST SOMEWHAT  
UNCLEAR. HOWEVER, A PRECEDING SHORT WAVE TROUGH IS CURRENTLY IN THE  
PROCESS OF PIVOTING NORTHEAST OF THE SASKATCHEWAN/NORTH DAKOTA  
BORDER VICINITY.  
 
MEANWHILE, IN LOWER LATITUDES, A SUBTROPICAL HIGH, CENTERED ALONG A  
MAJOR AXIS FROM THE SOUTHWEST INTO THE SOUTHERN GREAT PLAINS, WILL  
REMAIN PROMINENT THROUGH TODAY AND TONIGHT, WITH SUBTROPICAL RIDGING  
CENTERED OVER THE WESTERN ATLANTIC ALSO INFLUENTIAL ALONG THE SOUTH  
ATLANTIC COAST. WEAK TROUGHING LIKELY WILL LINGER BETWEEN THE  
RIDGING NEAR/EAST OF THE MIDDLE AND LOWER MISSISSIPPI VALLEY.  
 
IN ASSOCIATION WITH THIS REGIME, SEASONABLY HIGH MOISTURE CONTENT  
AIR WILL REMAIN FOCUSED EITHER SIDE OF THE WEAK SOUTHERN TROUGH  
AXIS, AND SOUTH OF A REMNANT SURFACE FRONTAL ZONE NEAR SOUTHERN NEW  
ENGLAND AND NORTHERN MID ATLANTIC COASTAL AREAS INTO THE OHIO  
VALLEY. HOWEVER, BOUNDARY LAYER DEW POINTS CONTINUE TO INCREASE  
WITHIN LEE SURFACE TROUGHING ACROSS THE GREAT PLAINS, BENEATH STEEP  
MID-LEVEL LAPSE RATES ASSOCIATED WITH A PLUME OF WARM AND CAPPING  
ELEVATED MIXED-LAYER AIR.  
   
..EASTERN DAKOTAS/NORTHERN MINNESOTA
 
 
IN ASSOCIATION WITH THE LEAD SHORT WAVE IMPULSE MIGRATING NORTH OF  
THE INTERNATIONAL BORDER AREA, A MODEST LOW WITHIN THE LEE SURFACE  
TROUGHING MAY MIGRATE FROM THE CENTRAL DAKOTAS THROUGH THE RED RIVER  
VALLEY VICINITY BY EARLY THIS EVENING, BEFORE CONTINUING OR  
REDEVELOPING NORTHWARD THROUGH EASTERN MANITOBA/NORTHWESTERN ONTARIO  
TONIGHT. WITHIN THE WARM SECTOR OF THIS LOW, SOUTHWARD ALONG A  
TRAILING WIND SHIFT/WEAK COLD FRONT, IT APPEARS THAT BOUNDARY LAYER  
MOISTENING WILL CONTRIBUTE TO LARGE CAPE IN EXCESS OF 3000 J/KG.  
 
TO VARYING DEGREES, LATEST MODEL OUTPUT CONTINUE TO SUGGEST THAT  
LOW-LEVEL FORCING, BENEATH DIFLUENT MID/UPPER FLOW, WILL BE  
SUFFICIENT TO OVERCOME MID-LEVEL INHIBITION AND ALLOW FOR THE  
INITIATION OF STORMS NEAR/EAST OF THE RED RIVER VALLEY. ALTHOUGH  
MID/UPPER FLOW PROBABLY WILL REMAIN FAIRLY WEAK ACROSS THIS REGION,  
IT APPEARS THAT A 30+ KT SOUTH-SOUTHWESTERLY 850 MB JET MAY  
CONTRIBUTE TO SUFFICIENT SHEAR TO SUPPORT AN UPSCALE GROWING,  
ORGANIZED CLUSTER OF STORMS BY THIS EVENING. IF THIS OCCURS,  
INITIAL STORMS MAY POSE A SEVERE HAIL/ISOLATED TORNADO THREAT,  
BEFORE STRONG WIND GUSTS BECOME THE PRIMARY THREAT, UNTIL CONVECTION  
WEAKENS IN WANING BOUNDARY LAYER INSTABILITY OVERNIGHT.  
   
..SOUTHEASTERN MONTANA INTO DAKOTAS
 
 
BOUNDARY-LAYER MOISTURE WILL REMAIN MAXIMIZED (THOUGH MORE MODEST  
THAN ACROSS THE EASTERN DAKOTAS) ALONG THE WIND SHIFT/WEAK COLD  
FRONT TRAILING SOUTHWESTWARD/WESTWARD NEAR THE NORTH AND SOUTH  
DAKOTA STATE BORDER AREA INTO THE HIGHER TERRAIN OF SOUTHERN  
MONTANA. THIS IS EXPECTED TO CONTRIBUTE TO SUFFICIENT CAPE TO  
SUPPORT VIGOROUS HIGH BASED THUNDERSTORMS WITHIN THE POST-FRONTAL  
UPSLOPE FLOW REGIME ACROSS SOUTHEASTERN MONTANA BY EARLY THIS  
EVENING. IT APPEARS THAT THIS WILL BE AIDED BY SUBSTANTIVE  
MID-LEVEL COOLING AND FORCING FOR ASCENT ASSOCIATED WITH THE  
APPROACHING TROUGHING, AND DEEP-LAYER SHEAR, DUE TO PRONOUNCED  
VEERING OF WINDS WITH HEIGHT BENEATH 40-50 KT CYCLONIC 500 MB FLOW,  
MAY BECOME QUITE STRONG.  
 
IT SEEMS INCREASINGLY PROBABLE THAT THERMODYNAMIC PROFILES,  
INCLUDING A RELATIVELY DRY SUB-CLOUD LAYER WITH STEEP LAPSE RATES,  
COUPLED WITH THE STRONG SHEAR, WILL BECOME CONDUCIVE TO THE  
EVOLUTION OF AN ORGANIZED CONVECTIVE SYSTEM CAPABLE OF PRODUCING A  
SWATH OF SEVERE WIND GUSTS. THIS MAY COMMENCE ACROSS PARTS OF  
SOUTHEASTERN MONTANA BY EARLY EVENING, THEN CONTINUE INTO AND  
THROUGH THE OVERNIGHT HOURS, AIDED BY INFLOW OF INCREASINGLY MOIST  
AND POTENTIALLY UNSTABLE AIR WITH EASTWARD EXTENT, ROUGHLY NEAR AND  
NORTH OF THE NORTH AND SOUTH DAKOTA STATE BORDER AREA.  
   
..PARTS OF CENTRAL GREAT PLAINS
 
 
THE LEE SURFACE TROUGH LIKELY WILL BE THE PRIMARY FOCUS FOR ANY  
THUNDERSTORM DEVELOPMENT LATE THIS AFTERNOON AND EVENING. MID-LEVEL  
INHIBITION STILL APPEARS LIKELY TO RESULT IN SPARSE STORM COVERAGE,  
BUT MODELS CONTINUE TO SUGGEST A WEAKNESS WITHIN THE CAPPING WILL  
ALLOW FOR A COUPLE OF STORMS, PARTICULARLY ACROSS PARTS OF CENTRAL  
NEBRASKA INTO NORTHWEST KANSAS. SHEAR BENEATH MODEST WESTERLY TO  
NORTHWESTERLY MID-LEVEL FLOW MAY BE SUFFICIENT TO ENHANCE ACTIVITY,  
CONTRIBUTING TO A RISK FOR LOCALLY SEVERE WIND AND HAIL.  
 
...SOUTHEASTERN GREAT PLAINS INTO LOWER MISSISSIPPI VALLEY..  
GIVEN THE MOIST ENVIRONMENT CHARACTERIZED BY MODERATE TO STRONG  
POTENTIAL INSTABILITY, IT IS POSSIBLE THAT INHIBITION MAY BE WEAK  
ENOUGH TO ALLOW FOR THUNDERSTORM REDEVELOPMENT THIS AFTERNOON ALONG  
THE EASTERN EDGE OF THE PLUME OF WARMER AND MORE STRONGLY CAPPING  
ELEVATED MIXED-LAYER AIR. BENEATH WEAK TO MODEST NORTHWESTERLY  
MID-LEVEL FLOW, IF STORMS ARE ABLE TO INITIATE, THIS ENVIRONMENT  
PROBABLY WILL BE CONDUCIVE TO STRONG STORMS WHICH COULD PRODUCE  
LOCALLY SEVERE WIND AND HAIL.  
 
ADDITIONAL THUNDERSTORM DEVELOPMENT IS POSSIBLE OVERNIGHT, AIDED BY  
A ZONE OF ENHANCED MID-LEVEL WARM ADVECTION.  
 

 
 
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